Abutilon indicum (L.) Sweet
subsp. guineense (Schumach.) Borss.Waalk.

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Abutilon indicum subsp. guineense

Photo: Bart Wursten
Urema floodplain beyond Road nr. 4, Gorongosa National Park.

Abutilon indicum subsp. guineense

Photo: Bart Wursten
Urema floodplain beyond Road nr. 4, Gorongosa National Park.

Abutilon indicum subsp. guineense

Photo: Bart Wursten
Urema floodplain beyond Road nr. 4, Gorongosa National Park.

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Abutilon asiaticum sensu Garcke
Abutilon guineense (Schumach.) Baker f. & Exell
Abutilon hirsutissimum sensu Eyles
Sida guineensis Schumach.
Common names:
Status: Native
Annual or biennial shrubby herb up to c. 1·5 m tall, branching from the base and densely covered with yellowish stellate hairs. Leaves broadly ovate-cordate to suborbicular-cordate, up to 12 cm long, deep yellowish-green above, rough to the touch and thinly stellate-pubescent, paler and softly woolly beneath; margin finely and rather regularly crenate or dentate; petiole about as long as the corresponding lamina. Flowers solitary in the axils of upper leaves of main stems; pedicels up to 8 cm. long, articulated in the upper 11 mm. Calyx 16–19 mm long, lobed to about the middle; lobes triangular or ovate-triangular, often mucronate, usually distinctly mid-veined. Petals obovate, c. 18 mm long, yellow hairless except near the base. Fruit depressed-globose, c. 15 × 20 mm, very densely pilose; mericarps c. 20, their outer apical angle produced into a triangular-acuminate point or somewhat awned, densely pilose to bearded.
Derivation of specific name: indicum: of India
Habitat: Grassland and in open places in bush, often on sandy soil.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 500 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: From Ghana to Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Eswatini and Mpumalanga, KwaZulu-Natal South Africa. Also in Madagascar.
Zimbabwe distribution: W,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Gomalia elma elma (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Friday 13 October 2017

Exell, A.W. (1961). Malvaceae Flora Zambesiaca 1(2) Page 495. As Abutilon guineense (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 60.

Other sources of information about Abutilon indicum subsp. guineense:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Abutilon indicum subsp. guineense
Flora of Mozambique: Abutilon indicum subsp. guineense

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Abutilon indicum
African Plant Database: Abutilon indicum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Abutilon indicum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Abutilon indicum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Abutilon indicum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Abutilon indicum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Abutilon indicum
JSTOR Plant Science: Abutilon indicum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Abutilon indicum
Plants of the World Online: Abutilon indicum
Tropicos: Abutilon indicum
Wikipedia: Abutilon indicum

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Abutilon indicum subsp. guineense.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=138880, retrieved 13 June 2024

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