Hibiscus altissimus Hornby

Selected images: Click on each image to see a larger version and details of the record View all images (5)

Hibiscus altissimus

Photo: Bart Wursten
At the top of Nharizengere waterfalls, Northwestern Gorongosa National Park.

Hibiscus altissimus

Photo: Bart Wursten
At the top of Nharizengere waterfalls, Northwestern Gorongosa National Park.

Hibiscus altissimus

Photo: Bart Wursten
At the top of Nharizengere waterfalls, Northwestern Gorongosa National Park.

Hibiscus altissimus

Photo: Bart Wursten
At the top of Nharizengere waterfalls, Northwestern Gorongosa National Park.

Hibiscus altissimus

Photo: Bart Wursten
At the top of Nharizengere waterfalls, Northwestern Gorongosa National Park.

Detailed records: Display species records QDS maps by: Google Maps Point records by Google Maps

Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Hibiscus furcatus sensu Harv.
Hibiscus rostellatus Guill. & Perr.
Common names:
Frequency: Local and probably rare.
Status: Native
Description:
Robust woody scrambler or climbing liane with mostly hairless stems up to 10 m long, covered in recurved prickles. Leaves broadly ovate to almost orbicular in outline up to 12 × 15 cm, usually 3-5-lobed, mostly hairless but sometimes stellate pubescent and with prickles on the veins beneath; margin irregularly serrate; petiole up to 7.5 cm long. Stipules narrowly linear to filiform, 6-7 mm long. Flowers solitary, axillary, up to 10 cm in diameter, yellow or terracotta, sometimes with a dark centre. Epicalyx of about 7 bracts, forked, up to 15 mm long, outer branch somewhat reflexed. Capsule c. 2 cm long, densely covered in appressed bristly hairs.
Notes: Similar to Hibiscus surattensis, which has similar elaborate epicalyx lobes but H. altissimus is a much more robust climbing species. It is much less densely stellate hairy and more spiny.
Derivation of specific name: altissimus: very tall, referring to its robust climbing habit.
Habitat: In wooded riverine vegetation.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Mozambique, Zimbabwe and Mpumalanga, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Climber, liane.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 31 May 2015
Literature:

Exell, A.W. (1961). Malvaceae Flora Zambesiaca 1(2) Pages 440 - 441.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 60.


Other sources of information about Hibiscus altissimus:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Hibiscus altissimus

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Hibiscus altissimus
African Plant Database: Hibiscus altissimus
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Hibiscus altissimus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Hibiscus altissimus
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Hibiscus altissimus
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Hibiscus altissimus
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Hibiscus altissimus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Hibiscus altissimus
iNaturalist: Hibiscus altissimus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Hibiscus altissimus
JSTOR Plant Science: Hibiscus altissimus
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Hibiscus altissimus
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Hibiscus altissimus
Plants of the World Online: Hibiscus altissimus
The Plant List (version 1.1): Hibiscus altissimus
Tropicos: Hibiscus altissimus
Wikipedia: Hibiscus altissimus


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Hibiscus altissimus.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=139280, retrieved 8 December 2019

Site software last modified: 26 March 2018 2:01pm (GMT +2)
Terms of use