Hibiscus sidiformis Baill.

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Hibiscus sidiformis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Rimiti West, by road from Mutare to Birchenough Bridge

Hibiscus sidiformis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Road from Robins Camp to the Matetsi Safari Area gate, Hwange NP

Hibiscus sidiformis

Photo: Bart Wursten
4km before Wengezi junction coming from Chimanimani

Hibiscus sidiformis

Photo: Bart Wursten
4km before Wengezi junction coming from Chimanimani

Hibiscus sidiformis

Photo: Bart Wursten
4km before Wengezi junction coming from Chimanimani

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Hibiscus ternatus (Cav.) Mast.
Common names:
Frequency: Common at lower altitudes
Status: Native
Annual herb, from 6-100 cm. Stipules 1-2 mm. Leaves: petiole up to 4.5 cm; lamina 1-5 × 1-5 cm, broadly ovate to subcircular, usually not lobed below, but shallowly to deeply 3-lobed above, the lobes broadly elliptic to ± linear, densely pubescent or tomentellous with occasional longer hairs; base usually cordate; margin entire or coarsely serrate. Flowers 3-3.5 cm in diameter, white or pale yellow. Epicalyx 0. Calyx 8-13 mm; lobes longer than the capsule. Capsule 5-8 × 5-6 mm, ellipsoid. Seeds densely minutely verrucose, glabrous.
Derivation of specific name: sidiformis: resembling a Sida (both in flower colour and in the absence of epicalyx segments)
Habitat: In dry woodland and in alluvial soils
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1000 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in Tropical Africa, South Africa and Madagascar
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s): Annual.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 6 May 2012

Exell, A.W. (1961). Malvaceae Flora Zambesiaca 1(2) Page 445.

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 288. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 61.

Pickering, H. & Roe, E. (2009). Wild Flowers of the Victoria Falls Area Helen Pickering, London Page 81. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 84.

Other sources of information about Hibiscus sidiformis:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Hibiscus sidiformis
Flora of Caprivi: Hibiscus sidiformis
Flora of Malawi: Hibiscus sidiformis
Flora of Mozambique: Hibiscus sidiformis
Flora of Zambia: Hibiscus sidiformis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Hibiscus sidiformis
African Plant Database: Hibiscus sidiformis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Hibiscus sidiformis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Hibiscus sidiformis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Hibiscus sidiformis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Hibiscus sidiformis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Hibiscus sidiformis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Hibiscus sidiformis
iNaturalist: Hibiscus sidiformis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Hibiscus sidiformis
JSTOR Plant Science: Hibiscus sidiformis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Hibiscus sidiformis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Hibiscus sidiformis
Plants of the World Online: Hibiscus sidiformis
Tropicos: Hibiscus sidiformis
Wikipedia: Hibiscus sidiformis

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-21

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2021). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Hibiscus sidiformis.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=139640, retrieved 4 December 2021

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