Hybanthus enneaspermus (L.) F. Muell.
var. enneaspermus

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Synonyms: Calceolaria enneasperma (L.) Kuntze
Hybanthus heterophyllus (Vent.) Baill.
Hybanthus hirtus (Klotzsch) Engl.
Hybanthus hirtus (Klotzsch) Engl. var. klotzschii Engl.
Hybanthus hirtus (Klotzsch) Engl. var. glabrescens Engl.
Ionidium enneaspermum (L.) Vent.
Ionidium heterophyllum Vent.
Ionidium hirtum Klotzsch
Viola enneasperma L.
Common names: Lady's Slipper (English)
Status: Native
Perennial, sometimes annual herb with spreading to ascending stems, usually up to 60 cm high. Leaves alternate, 2-6.5 cm long, in this variety linear to narrowly elliptic, hairless to more or less densely hairy; margin usually entire. Flowers solitary in the leaf axils on a pedicel up to 1.8 mm long, rose-pink to violet or bluish, normally with darker streaks and white in the centre; lower petal up to 2 × 2 cm, almost square with a short blunt spur. Fruit a 3-sided capsule, 5-8 mm long, pale yellow, hairless.
Notes: See var. serratus for comparison.
Derivation of specific name: enneaspermus: 9-seeded
Habitat: In grassland, along roadsides, in rock crevices and other exposed dry places, often on sandy soils.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1000 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in Africa, Madagascar, Arabia, tropical Asia and Australia.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,E,S
Growth form(s): Annual, perennial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Pardopsis punctatissima (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 32.

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 21.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 82.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 102.

Pooley, E. (1998). A Field Guide to the Wild Flowers of KwaZulu-Natal and the Eastern Region. Natal Flora Publications Trust. Durban. Pages 408 - 409. as Hybanthus enneaspermus (Includes a picture).

Robson, N.K.B. (1960). Violaceae Flora Zambesiaca 1(1) Pages 254 - 257. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 111.

Other sources of information about Hybanthus enneaspermus var. enneaspermus:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Hybanthus enneaspermus var. enneaspermus
Flora of Mozambique: Hybanthus enneaspermus var. enneaspermus
Flora of Zambia: Hybanthus enneaspermus var. enneaspermus

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Hybanthus enneaspermus
African Plant Database: Hybanthus enneaspermus
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Hybanthus enneaspermus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Hybanthus enneaspermus
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Hybanthus enneaspermus
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Hybanthus enneaspermus
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Hybanthus enneaspermus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Hybanthus enneaspermus
iNaturalist: Hybanthus enneaspermus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Hybanthus enneaspermus
JSTOR Plant Science: Hybanthus enneaspermus
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Hybanthus enneaspermus
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Hybanthus enneaspermus
Plants of the World Online: Hybanthus enneaspermus
Tropicos: Hybanthus enneaspermus
Wikipedia: Hybanthus enneaspermus

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-20

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2020). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Hybanthus enneaspermus var. enneaspermus.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=140620, retrieved 4 December 2020

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