Eugenia natalitia Sond.

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Eugenia natalitia

Photo: Bart Wursten
By upper road, Vumba Botanic Gardens

Eugenia natalitia

Photo: Bart Wursten
By upper road, Vumba Botanic Gardens

Eugenia natalitia

Photo: Bart Wursten
By upper road, Vumba Botanic Gardens

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Eugenia capensis (Eckl. & Zeyh.) Sond. subsp. gracilipes F. White
Eugenia chirindensis Baker f.
Eugenia nyassensis Engl.
Common names:
Frequency: Local
Status: Native
Shrub or small tree. Leaves opposite, oblong-elliptic, glabrous, somewhat leathery, gland-dotted, midrib prominent below. Flowers singly or in small clusters below the leaves on previous year's growth, white with a conspicuous mass of stamens. Fruit a round berry, red to purple when ripe, edible.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In evergreen forest.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:Oct - Apr
Worldwide distribution: Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Eswatini and Limpopo, Mpumalanga, KwaZulu-Natal, Eastern Cape, South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Tuesday 21 February 2006

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 216. as Eugenia capensis gracilipes and Eugenia capensis nyassensis

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 696. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 25. As Eugenia capensis gracilipes and E. nyassensis

Coates Palgrave, K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Pages 827 - 828. (Includes a picture).

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1989). The flora and phytogeography of the evergreen forests of Malawi. I: Afromontane and mid-altitude forests; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 59(1/2) Page 20. As Eugenia capensis

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 64.

Schmidt, E., Lötter, M. & McCleland, W. (2002). Trees and shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park Jacana, Johannesburg, South Africa Pages 476 - 477. (Includes a picture).

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 57. as Eugenia chirindensis

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 126. as Eugenia capensis var. nyassensis

Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Dowsett-Lemaire, F., Congdon, C., Branch, B., Collins, S., Curran, M., Dowsett, R,J., Fishpool, L., Francisco, J., Harris, Kopp, M. & de Sousa, C. (2012). Mt Mabu, Mozambique: Biodiversity and Conservation Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London Page 74.

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (1997). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa. Struik, South Africa Pages 318 - 319. (Includes a picture).

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (2013). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa (Second edition) Struik, South Africa Pages 374 - 375. (Includes a picture).

White, F. (1978). Myrtaceae Flora Zambesiaca 4 Page 190. as Eugenia natalensis subsp. gracilipes

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 96.

Other sources of information about Eugenia natalitia:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Eugenia natalitia
Flora of Mozambique: Eugenia natalitia
Flora of Zambia: Eugenia natalitia

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Eugenia natalitia
African Plant Database: Eugenia natalitia
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Eugenia natalitia
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Eugenia natalitia
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Eugenia natalitia
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Eugenia natalitia
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Eugenia natalitia
JSTOR Plant Science: Eugenia natalitia
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Eugenia natalitia
Plants of the World Online: Eugenia natalitia
Tropicos: Eugenia natalitia
Wikipedia: Eugenia natalitia

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Eugenia natalitia., retrieved 15 April 2024

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