Epilobium hirsutum L.

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Epilobium hirsutum

Photo: Mark Hyde
Leonard's Loop, near Glenara Avenue, Mukuvisi Woodlands

Epilobium hirsutum

Photo: Mark Hyde
Leonard's Loop, near Glenara Avenue, Mukuvisi Woodlands

Epilobium hirsutum

Photo: Mark Hyde
Leonard's Loop, near Glenara Avenue, Mukuvisi Woodlands

Epilobium hirsutum

Photo: Mark Hyde
Leonard's Loop, near Glenara Avenue, Mukuvisi Woodlands

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Epilobium hirsutum L. var. villosissimum Koch
Common names: Codlins-and-cream (English) Greater willowherb (English)
Frequency: Local
Status: Probably introduced
Tall, robust perennial herb, producing white underground stolons. Stem erect, up to 2.5 m tall, branching above, ± densely glandular-pubescent and with numerous spreading hairs. Leaves 6-12 × 1.5-2.5 cm, mostly opposite, alternate above, oblong-lanceolate, sessile, semi-amplexicaul and slightly decurrent; margin with incurved teeth. Flowers 15-23 mm in diameter, borne in apical corymbose racemes. Sepals hooded. Petals 6-16 mm long, deep purplish-rose. Stigma 4-lobed, exceeding the stamens. Capsule 3-8 cm, densely villous. Coma 5-7 mm long.
Derivation of specific name: hirsutum: covered with long, moderately stiff and not interwoven hairs; hirsute
Habitat: By streams and in marshes.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Native to Europe, North Africa and temperate Asia; also in eastern and southern Africa where it may be introduced; introduced to North America.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Friday 27 February 2015

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 220.

Clapham, A.R., Tutin, T.G. & Moore, D.M. (1989). Flora of the British Isles. 3rd edition. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge Page 262.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 65.

Raven, P.H. (1978). Onagraceae Flora Zambesiaca 4 Page 343.


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Other sources of information about Epilobium hirsutum:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Epilobium hirsutum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Epilobium hirsutum
African Plant Database: Epilobium hirsutum
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Epilobium hirsutum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Epilobium hirsutum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Epilobium hirsutum
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Epilobium hirsutum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Epilobium hirsutum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Epilobium hirsutum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Epilobium hirsutum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Epilobium hirsutum
Ispot Southern Africa: Epilobium hirsutum
JSTOR Plant Science: Epilobium hirsutum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Epilobium hirsutum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Epilobium hirsutum
The Plant List (version 1.1): Epilobium hirsutum
Tropicos: Epilobium hirsutum

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-18

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2018). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Epilobium hirsutum.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=142760, retrieved 24 February 2018

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