Enicostema axillare (Lam.) A. Raynal
subsp. axillare

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Enicostema axillare subsp. axillare

Photo: Bart Wursten
Rimiti West, by rd from Mutare to Birchenough Bridge

Enicostema axillare subsp. axillare

Photo: Bart Wursten
Rimiti West, by rd from Mutare to Birchenough Bridge

Enicostema axillare subsp. axillare

Photo: Bart Wursten
La Rochelle

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Enicostema hyssopifolium (Willd.) I. Verd.
Gentiana axillaris Lam.
Common names:
Frequency: Occasional at lower altitudes
Status: Native
Erect perennial herb, up to 30 cm. Leaves linear, lanceolate or narrowly oblong, 3-veined from the base, glabrous. Flowers in axillary clusters, white with greenish lines, often drying yellowish. Fruit a small obovoid capsule.
Notes: The species resembles a species of Rubiaceae (e.g. Fadogia and Spermacoce) but differs from those in not having stipules.
Derivation of specific name: axillare: axillary, arising in the leaf axils
Habitat: In sandy soils in grasslands and along roadsides and rivers.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa and Asia.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Thursday 15 May 2008

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 389. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 53.

Paiva, J. & Nogueira, I. (1990). Gentianaceae Flora Zambesiaca 7(4) Pages 49 - 51. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 76.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 214. as Enicostema axillare

Other sources of information about Enicostema axillare subsp. axillare:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Enicostema axillare subsp. axillare
Flora of Caprivi: Enicostema axillare subsp. axillare
Flora of Malawi: Enicostema axillare subsp. axillare
Flora of Mozambique: Enicostema axillare subsp. axillare
Flora of Zambia: Enicostema axillare subsp. axillare

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Enicostema axillare
African Plant Database: Enicostema axillare
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Enicostema axillare
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Enicostema axillare
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Enicostema axillare
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Enicostema axillare
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Enicostema axillare
JSTOR Plant Science: Enicostema axillare
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Enicostema axillare
Plants of the World Online: Enicostema axillare
Tropicos: Enicostema axillare
Wikipedia: Enicostema axillare

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Enicostema axillare subsp. axillare.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=144700, retrieved 10 December 2023

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