Nymphoides indica (L.) Kuntze
subsp. occidentalis A. Raynal

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Nymphoides indica subsp. occidentalis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Cleveland Dam, Harare

Nymphoides indica subsp. occidentalis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Cleveland Dam, Harare

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Menyanthes indica L.
Common names:
Status: Native
Aquatic perennial herb. Stolons tufted, numerous, floating. Leaves circular, 5-15 cm in diameter, rarely larger. Flowers white with a yellow tube, lobes c. twice as long as the tube; sepals spreading, later closing around the capsule. Capsule ovoid, 4-5 mm in diameter, shorter than the calyx.
Derivation of specific name: indica: of India;
occidentalis: Western.
Habitat: In lakes, pools, swamps and rivers, sometimes in seasonal pools as it is capable of withstanding periods of drying up.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1650 m
Flowering time:Oct - May
Worldwide distribution: Pantropical
Zimbabwe distribution: W,C
Growth form(s): Aquatic.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Wednesday 29 July 2009

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 401. (Includes a picture).

Mackinder, B. (1990). Menyanthaceae Flora Zambesiaca 7(4) Pages 52 - 54. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 62.

Pickering, H. & Roe, E. (2009). Wild Flowers of the Victoria Falls Area Helen Pickering, London Page 83. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 86.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 219.

Other sources of information about Nymphoides indica subsp. occidentalis:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Nymphoides indica subsp. occidentalis
Flora of Caprivi: Nymphoides indica subsp. occidentalis
Flora of Malawi: Nymphoides indica subsp. occidentalis
Flora of Mozambique: Nymphoides indica subsp. occidentalis
Flora of Zambia: Nymphoides indica subsp. occidentalis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Nymphoides indica
African Plant Database: Nymphoides indica
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Nymphoides indica
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Nymphoides indica
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Nymphoides indica
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Nymphoides indica
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Nymphoides indica
JSTOR Plant Science: Nymphoides indica
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Nymphoides indica
Plants of the World Online: Nymphoides indica
Tropicos: Nymphoides indica
Wikipedia: Nymphoides indica

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Nymphoides indica subsp. occidentalis.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=144870, retrieved 1 June 2023

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