Raphionacme longifolia (K. Schum.) N.E. Br.

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Raphionacme longifolia

Photo: Bart Wursten
Hills behind Valley of Kings, Mutare

Raphionacme longifolia

Photo: Bart Wursten
Hills behind Valley of Kings, Mutare

Raphionacme longifolia

Photo: Bart Wursten
Hills behind Valley of Kings, Mutare

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Raphionacme decolor Schltr.
Common names: Mongwa (Shona)
Status: Native
Erect perennial herb, growing from an ovoid to subspherical tuber, up to 10 cm in diameter. Stems single to few, erect, often twining terminally, up to 75 cm long, brownish. Leaves opposite, sessile, 12-15 cm long, linear to very narrowly ovate-lanceolate, green and finely velvety above, paler below; midrib whitish. Flowers in 5-10-flowered axillary and terminal clusters. Corolla densely finely velvety outside; lobes often strongly reflexed, up to 6 × 3 mm, oblong-ovate to triangular, green, often with a violet base, green-brown, maroon-brown or dull violet-red. Corona whitish to purple; lobes 3-segmented; central segment 5-6 mm long, much larger than lateral. Fruit paired, erect follicles, cylindrical-ovoid, c. 100 × 4 mm.
Derivation of specific name: longifolia: with long leaves
Habitat: In open miombo or mopane woodland.
Altitude range: (metres) 500 - 1600 m
Flowering time:Nov - Jan
Worldwide distribution: Botswana, CAR, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Monday 21 June 2010

Goyder, D.J., Gilbert, M.G. & Venter, H.J.T. (2020). Apocynaceae (Part 2) Flora Zambesiaca 7(2) Page 33.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 66.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 26.

Venter, H.J.T. (2009). A Taxonomic revision of Raphionacme (Apocynaceae: Periplocoideae) South African Journal of Botany 75(2) Pages 322 - 324. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Raphionacme longifolia:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Raphionacme longifolia
Flora of Malawi: Raphionacme longifolia
Flora of Mozambique: Raphionacme longifolia
Flora of Zambia: Raphionacme longifolia

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Raphionacme longifolia
African Plant Database: Raphionacme longifolia
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Raphionacme longifolia
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Raphionacme longifolia
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Raphionacme longifolia
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Raphionacme longifolia
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Raphionacme longifolia
JSTOR Plant Science: Raphionacme longifolia
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Raphionacme longifolia
Plants of the World Online: Raphionacme longifolia
Tropicos: Raphionacme longifolia
Wikipedia: Raphionacme longifolia

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Raphionacme longifolia.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=145370, retrieved 24 May 2024

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