Asclepias cucullata (Schltr.) Schltr.
subsp. cucullata

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Asclepias cucullata subsp. cucullata

Photo: Ian Riddell
Nyanga National Park

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Synonyms: Gomphocarpus cucullatus Schltr.
Trachycalymma cucullatum (Schltr.) Bullock
Common names: Hooded meadow-star (English)
Status: Native
Slender, erect or ascending herb with 1-3 annual stems, up to 35 cm tall, growing from a perennial, fleshy tuberous rootstock. Stems with milky sap mostly unbranched, minutely pubescent with white spreading hairs. Leaves opposite, sessile, narrowly linear up to 10 cm long with short stiff hairs on both surfaces; margin entire, distinctly rolled under. Flowers in terminal or extra-axillary, 3-6-flowered umbels. Corolla lobes spreading or slightly reflexed greenish or greyish-purple outside, white flushed with purple or maroon on the inside, sweetly scented. Corona lobes creamy-white, fading yellowish, outer lobes spreading with the tips typically curved up forming small hoods. Fruit a single follicle up to 8 × 0.8 cm, narrowly fusiform, smooth, minutely velvety.
Notes: See subsp. scabrifolia (S. Moore) Goyder for photos and comparison.
Derivation of specific name: cucullata: hooded
Habitat: In grassland.
Altitude range: (metres) 1000 - 2400 m
Flowering time:Sep - Dec
Worldwide distribution: Zimbabwe (Great Dyke and Nyanga), Eswatini and South Africa as far as KwaZulu-Natal.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Tuesday 3 November 2020

Goyder, D.J. (2001). A revision of the tropical African genus Trachycalymma (K. Schum.) Bullock Kew Bulletin 56 Pages 157 - 159.

Goyder, D.J. (2009). A synopsis of Asclepias (Apocynaceae: Asclepiadoideae) in tropical Africa Kew Bulletin 64 Pages 395 - 396.

Goyder, D.J., Gilbert, M.G. & Venter, H.J.T. (2020). Apocynaceae (Part 2) Flora Zambesiaca 7(2) Page 277.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 19.

Other sources of information about Asclepias cucullata subsp. cucullata:

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Asclepias cucullata
African Plant Database: Asclepias cucullata
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Asclepias cucullata
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Asclepias cucullata
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Asclepias cucullata
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Asclepias cucullata
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Asclepias cucullata
JSTOR Plant Science: Asclepias cucullata
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Asclepias cucullata
Plants of the World Online: Asclepias cucullata
Tropicos: Asclepias cucullata
Wikipedia: Asclepias cucullata

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Asclepias cucullata subsp. cucullata., retrieved 22 May 2024

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