Orbea carnosa (Stent) Bruyns
subsp. keithii (R.A. Dyer) Bruyns

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Orbea carnosa subsp. keithii

Photo: Ton Rulkens
Namaacha district, Maputo province

Orbea carnosa subsp. keithii

Photo: Ton Rulkens
Namaacha district, Maputo province

Orbea carnosa subsp. keithii

Photo: Ton Rulkens
Namaacha district, Maputo province

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Caralluma keithii R.A. Dyer
Pachycymbium keithii (R.A. Dyer) L.C. Leach
Common names:
Status: Native
Dwarf succulent perennial forming clumps 6-50 cm in diameter, connected by horizontal rhizomes. Stems 4-15 cm long, erect to spreading, grey-green, sometimes mottled with red or purple. Inflorescences up to 6 per stem, 1-3-flowered. Corolla 10-20 mm in diameter, yellow or maroon to pale brown or maroon with irregular cream markings; lobes broadly triangular, 3-5 mm long and 6-8 mm broad at the base. Corona 3-4 mm tall and 4 mm in diameter.
Derivation of specific name: keithii: named after Donald Robert Keith (1896-1966) agriculturist in Swaziland who collected the type material.
Habitat: In open stony ground or in shelter of shrubs in Mopane, Acacia or Brachystegia woodland. Occasionally on granite domes with Selaginella or Coleochloa.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Swaziland and Limpopo, Mpumalanga, KwaZulu-Natal South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: C,E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status: Lower Risk - least concern
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Wednesday 26 October 2016

Albers, F. & Meve, U. (eds.) (2002). Asclepiadaceae Illustrated Handbook of Succulent Plants Springer-Verlag Page 189. as Orbea carnosa (Includes a picture).

Bruyns, P.V. (2002). Monograph of Orbea and Ballyanthus (Apocynaceae-Asclepiadoideae-Ceropegieae) Systematic Botany Monographs 63 Pages 87 - 91. (Includes a picture).

Bruyns, P.V. (2005). Stapeliads of Southern Africa and Madagascar Volume I Umdaus Press, Hatfield, South Africa Pages 249 - 253. (Includes a picture).

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Zimbabwe Plant Red Data List. Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. SABONET 14 Page 171. As Pachycymbium keithii

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 21.

Other sources of information about Orbea carnosa subsp. keithii:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Orbea carnosa subsp. keithii
Flora of Mozambique: Orbea carnosa subsp. keithii

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Orbea carnosa
African Plant Database: Orbea carnosa
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Orbea carnosa
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Orbea carnosa
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Orbea carnosa
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Orbea carnosa
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Orbea carnosa
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Orbea carnosa
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Orbea carnosa
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Orbea carnosa
Ispot Southern Africa: Orbea carnosa
JSTOR Plant Science: Orbea carnosa
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Orbea carnosa
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Orbea carnosa
The Plant List (version 1.1): Orbea carnosa
Tropicos: Orbea carnosa

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Orbea carnosa subsp. keithii.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=146710, retrieved 20 July 2019

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