Heliotropium ciliatum Kaplan

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Heliotropium ciliatum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near Shashe Wilderness Camp, Shashe River

Heliotropium ciliatum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near Shashe Wilderness Camp, Shashe River

Heliotropium ciliatum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near Shashe Wilderness Camp, Shashe River

Heliotropium ciliatum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near Shashe Wilderness Camp, Shashe River

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Heliotropium tuberculosum (Cham.) Gürke
Tournefortia tuberculosa Cham.
Common names:
Status: Native
Erect perennial herb, up to 80 cm, branching from a rhizomatous base. Leaves lanceolate to ovate, 2-5 cm long with hard short appressed hairs above and on the veins below, somewhat asymmetric and often decurrent onto the petiole; petiole up to 2 cm long. Flowers in curled elongating inflorescences, eventually up to 19 cm long, white with triangular-acuminate lobes. Fruits saddle-shaped at the apex, tuberculate-crested, c. 4 × 5 × 4 mm, hairless.
Derivation of specific name: ciliatum: fringed with hairs; ciliate
Habitat: In sandy or rocky soils on riverbanks and dry open woodland.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1050 m
Flowering time:Sep - Feb
Worldwide distribution: Angola, Botswana, Mozambique, Namibia, Zimbabwe, South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Wednesday 14 May 2008

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 20.

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 353. (Includes a picture).

Kirby, G. (2013). Wild Flowers of Southeast Botswana Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa Page 70. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 30.

Martins, E.S. (1990). Boraginaceae Flora Zambesiaca 7(4) Pages 88 - 89. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 40.

Other sources of information about Heliotropium ciliatum:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Heliotropium ciliatum
Flora of Mozambique: Heliotropium ciliatum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Heliotropium ciliatum
African Plant Database: Heliotropium ciliatum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Heliotropium ciliatum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Heliotropium ciliatum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Heliotropium ciliatum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Heliotropium ciliatum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Heliotropium ciliatum
JSTOR Plant Science: Heliotropium ciliatum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Heliotropium ciliatum
Plants of the World Online: Heliotropium ciliatum
Tropicos: Heliotropium ciliatum
Wikipedia: Heliotropium ciliatum

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Heliotropium ciliatum.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=148340, retrieved 1 December 2023

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