Nicandra physalodes (L.) Gaertn.

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Nicandra physalodes

Photo: Bart Wursten
Ndundu Lodge, Vumba

Nicandra physalodes

Photo: Bart Wursten
Besna Kobila farm, Matobo

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Synonyms: Atropa physalodes L.
Physalodes physalodes (L.) Britton
Common names: Apple of Peru (English) Shoo-fly (English)
Frequency: Common
Status: Introduced
Glabrous annual, to 2 m. Leaves ovate to elliptic. Corolla 25-40 mm long and across, blue, sometimes pale blue to almost white. Fruit 14-18 mm, spherical, brownish. Fruiting calyx 25-35 mm, markedly accrescent and winged.
Derivation of specific name: physalodes: resembling a Physalis
Habitat: In disturbed ground, occurring as a weed of crops, roadsides, gardens and also in degraded woodland
Altitude range: (metres) 1210 - 1840 m
Flowering time:Jan - Jun
Worldwide distribution: Native of Peru; a widespread weed in temperate and tropical regions
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 14 May 2016

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 124 - 125. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C., Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 26.

Gonçalves, A.E. (2005). Solanaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(4) Pages 26 - 28. (Includes a picture).

Wild, H. (undated, c. 1955). Common Rhodesian Weeds ?Government of Rhodesia, Salisbury Page 84. (Includes a picture).

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 100.

Other sources of information about Nicandra physalodes:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Nicandra physalodes
Flora of Malawi: Nicandra physalodes
Flora of Mozambique: Nicandra physalodes
Flora of Zambia: Nicandra physalodes

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Nicandra physalodes
African Plant Database: Nicandra physalodes
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Nicandra physalodes
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Nicandra physalodes
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Nicandra physalodes
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Nicandra physalodes
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Nicandra physalodes
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Nicandra physalodes
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Nicandra physalodes
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Nicandra physalodes
Ispot Southern Africa: Nicandra physalodes
JSTOR Plant Science: Nicandra physalodes
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Nicandra physalodes
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Nicandra physalodes
The Plant List (version 1.1): Nicandra physalodes
Tropicos: Nicandra physalodes

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Nicandra physalodes., retrieved 20 April 2019

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