Stemodiopsis buchananii Skan
var. pubescens Philcox

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Stemodiopsis buchananii var. pubescens

Photo: Bart Wursten
Path to Hadange Gorge, Chimanimani National Park

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Common names:
Status: Native
Perennial herb with procumbent, much branched stems up to 20 cm long, mostly hairless except for a fine, minute pubescence on stems. Leaves opposite, ovate to lanceolate-ovate, 35 mm long; margin coarsely serrate-dentate; petiole about the same length as the leaf blade. Flowers solitary or in clusters of 2-3 together. Pedicels 3–5 mm long, decurved in fruit. Calyx 3–5.5 mm long; lobes narrowly linear-triangular, 2.5–5 mm long, with prominent mid-vein. Corolla white with lip marked pink to purple, or mauve, 4.5–9.5 mm long; tube c. 2.5–5 mm. long; upper lip broadly ovate with lobes sub-triangular; lower lip subcircular to broadly obovate with lobes rounded. Capsule ellipsoid-conical, 4.5–7 mm long, including a beak 1.5–2.25 mm long, hairless, pale yellow-brown.
Notes: Similar to Stemodiopsis rivae which is distinguished by stems and leaves being covered in dense stiff whitish hairs.
Derivation of specific name: buchananii: after John Buchanan (1855 – 1896), Scottish horticulturist, missionary, farmer and plant collector in Malawi, who became Acting British Consul to Central Africa.
Habitat: In rock crevices.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1800 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Only known from the Chimanimani area in Zimbabwe and Mozambique.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status: Near Endemic
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Friday 12 March 2021

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 53.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 78. Under Scrophulariaceae

Philcox, D. (1990). Scrophulariaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(2) Pages 40 - 42.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 95.

Other sources of information about Stemodiopsis buchananii var. pubescens:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Stemodiopsis buchananii var. pubescens

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Stemodiopsis buchananii
African Plant Database: Stemodiopsis buchananii
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Stemodiopsis buchananii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Stemodiopsis buchananii
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Stemodiopsis buchananii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Stemodiopsis buchananii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Stemodiopsis buchananii
JSTOR Plant Science: Stemodiopsis buchananii
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Stemodiopsis buchananii
Plants of the World Online: Stemodiopsis buchananii
Tropicos: Stemodiopsis buchananii
Wikipedia: Stemodiopsis buchananii

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Stemodiopsis buchananii var. pubescens., retrieved 27 May 2024

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