Crepidorhopalon spicatus (Engl.) Eb. Fisch.

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Crepidorhopalon spicatus

Photo: Bart Wursten

Crepidorhopalon spicatus

Photo: Bart Wursten

Crepidorhopalon spicatus

Photo: Bart Wursten

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Synonyms: Torenia spicata Engl.
Common names:
Status: Native
Small erect perennial herb, 5-20 cm tall. Stem branched, 4-angular, winged. Leaves opposite along the stems, sessile, elliptic-lanceolate,10-25 mm long; margin entire or with widely spaced minute teeth. Flowers solitary, axillary, appearing spike-like by the absence of upper leaves. Calyx 2-lipped and distinctly 5-winged. Corolla c. 4 m in diameter, blue with a darker purple and white mark at the base of the 3-lobed lower lip.
Derivation of specific name: spicatus: spike-like, referring to the appearance of the flowers on the upper branchlets
Habitat: In sandy or gravelly soils in grassland or open woodland.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1650 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: From Senegal to Sudan and south to Namibia, Botswana and northern South Africa
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Friday 22 May 2009

Chapano, C., Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 11.

Philcox, D. (1990). Scrophulariaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(2) Pages 58 - 59. As Torenia spicata (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 103.

Other sources of information about Crepidorhopalon spicatus:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Crepidorhopalon spicatus
Flora of Malawi: Crepidorhopalon spicatus
Flora of Mozambique: Crepidorhopalon spicatus
Flora of Zambia: Crepidorhopalon spicatus

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Crepidorhopalon spicatus
African Plant Database: Crepidorhopalon spicatus
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Crepidorhopalon spicatus
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Crepidorhopalon spicatus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Crepidorhopalon spicatus
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Crepidorhopalon spicatus
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Crepidorhopalon spicatus
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Crepidorhopalon spicatus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Crepidorhopalon spicatus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Crepidorhopalon spicatus
Ispot Southern Africa: Crepidorhopalon spicatus
JSTOR Plant Science: Crepidorhopalon spicatus
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Crepidorhopalon spicatus
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Crepidorhopalon spicatus
The Plant List (version 1.1): Crepidorhopalon spicatus
Tropicos: Crepidorhopalon spicatus

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Crepidorhopalon spicatus., retrieved 19 June 2019

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