Crepidorhopalon spicatus (Engl.) Eb. Fisch.

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Crepidorhopalon spicatus

Photo: Bart Wursten

Crepidorhopalon spicatus

Photo: Bart Wursten

Crepidorhopalon spicatus

Photo: Bart Wursten

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Torenia spicata Engl.
Common names:
Status: Native
Small erect perennial herb, 5-20 cm tall. Stem branched, 4-angular, winged. Leaves opposite along the stems, sessile, elliptic-lanceolate,10-25 mm long; margin entire or with widely spaced minute teeth. Flowers solitary, axillary, appearing spike-like by the absence of upper leaves. Calyx 2-lipped and distinctly 5-winged. Corolla c. 4 m in diameter, blue with a darker purple and white mark at the base of the 3-lobed lower lip.
Derivation of specific name: spicatus: spike-like, referring to the appearance of the flowers on the upper branchlets
Habitat: In sandy or gravelly soils in grassland or open woodland.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1650 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: From Senegal to Sudan and south to Namibia, Botswana and northern South Africa
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Friday 22 May 2009

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 11.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 77. Under Scrophulariaceae

Philcox, D. (1990). Scrophulariaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(2) Pages 58 - 59. As Torenia spicata (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 103.

Other sources of information about Crepidorhopalon spicatus:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Crepidorhopalon spicatus
Flora of Malawi: Crepidorhopalon spicatus
Flora of Mozambique: Crepidorhopalon spicatus
Flora of Zambia: Crepidorhopalon spicatus

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Crepidorhopalon spicatus
African Plant Database: Crepidorhopalon spicatus
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Crepidorhopalon spicatus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Crepidorhopalon spicatus
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Crepidorhopalon spicatus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Crepidorhopalon spicatus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Crepidorhopalon spicatus
JSTOR Plant Science: Crepidorhopalon spicatus
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Crepidorhopalon spicatus
Plants of the World Online: Crepidorhopalon spicatus
Tropicos: Crepidorhopalon spicatus
Wikipedia: Crepidorhopalon spicatus

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Crepidorhopalon spicatus., retrieved 28 May 2024

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