Striga elegans Benth.

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Striga elegans

Photo: Bart Wursten
Ringing Rock Bot. Res., Wattle Co. Mtarazi Est.

Striga elegans

Photo: Bart Wursten
Slopes of Chinziwa, Vumba

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Common names: Elegant witchweed (English)
Frequency: Occasional
Status: Native
Unbranched, erect, annual herb, about 20 cm tall. It has much larger flowers than the similar S. asiatica and a more dense inflorescence with a larger number of flowers open at the same time. The lower lip is more deeply 3-lobed.
Notes: It is most common in grassland and Brachystegia woodland in the Eastern Highlands but also in Teak woodlands (Baikiaea plurijuga) in the west of the country.
Derivation of specific name: elegans: elegant
Habitat: In montane grassland and woodland.
Altitude range: (metres) 900 - 2100 m
Flowering time:Nov - Mar
Worldwide distribution: Angola, Botswana, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe and South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 4 March 2006

Bandeira, S., Bolnick, D. & Barbosa, F. (2007). Wild Flowers of Southern Mozambique Universidade Eduardo Mondlane, Maputo, Mozambique Pages 182 - 183. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 53.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 79. Under Scrophulariaceae

Philcox, D. (1990). Scrophulariaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(2) Page 134.

Plowes, D.C.H. & Drummond, R.B. (1990). Wild Flowers of Zimbabwe. Revised edition. Longman, Zimbabwe. No. 115, plate 153

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 105.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 96.

Other sources of information about Striga elegans:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Striga elegans
Flora of Caprivi: Striga elegans
Flora of Malawi: Striga elegans
Flora of Mozambique: Striga elegans
Flora of Zambia: Striga elegans

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Striga elegans
African Plant Database: Striga elegans
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Striga elegans
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Striga elegans
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Striga elegans
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Striga elegans
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Striga elegans
JSTOR Plant Science: Striga elegans
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Striga elegans
Plants of the World Online: Striga elegans
Tropicos: Striga elegans
Wikipedia: Striga elegans

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Striga elegans., retrieved 4 March 2024

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