Plantago major L.

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Plantago major

Photo: Bart Wursten
Hillside Park, Harare

Plantago major

Photo: Bart Wursten
Hillside Park, Harare

Plantago major

Photo: Bart Wursten
La Rochelle

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Common names: Broad-leaved plantain (English)
Frequency: Occasional
Status: Introduced
Perennial herb with leaves spirally arranged in a dense basal rosette. Leaves ovate to broadly elliptic 3-9-veined from the base; margin subentire to irregularly dentate. One to several erect stems arise with single terminal inflorescences; flowers in elongated spikes, greenish. Capsules reddish-brown.
Derivation of specific name: major: larger, greater, bigger
Habitat: In moist disturbed places such as flower beds, lawns, roadsides and in ditches, often along streams.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Europe, North Africa, North and Central Asia; naturalised widely in the rest of the world
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Lehmann, G. (1988). Plantaginaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(1) Pages 10 - 12. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 67.

Other sources of information about Plantago major:

Our websites:

Flora of Zambia: Plantago major

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Plantago major
African Plant Database: Plantago major
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Plantago major
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Plantago major
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Plantago major
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Plantago major
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Plantago major
JSTOR Plant Science: Plantago major
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Plantago major
Plants of the World Online: Plantago major
Tropicos: Plantago major
Wikipedia: Plantago major

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Plantago major., retrieved 30 November 2023

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