Gardenia ternifolia Schumach. & Thonn.
subsp. jovis-tonantis
var. goetzei (Stapf & Hutch.) Verdc.

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Gardenia ternifolia subsp. jovis-tonantis var. goetzei

Photo: Darrel Plowes

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Synonyms: Gardenia asperula Stapf & Hutch.
Gardenia goetzei Stapf & Hutch.
Gardenia jovis-tonantis (Welw.) Hiern
Common names: Mutara (Shona) Mutarara (Shona) Mutarura (Shona) Powder-bark gardenia (English) Umvalasangwana (Ndebele) Wild gardenia (English)
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
Shrub or small, spreading tree. Leaves in whorls of 3 on short, rigid side branchlets, oblanceolate to obovate, roughly hairy on both surfaces; hair-tuft domatia present. Flowers solitary at the ends of the branchlets, white, turning yellow when fading, sweetly scented. Fruit ovoid, 5 × 3.5 cm, velvety, yellowish brown, crowned with the remains of the calyx.
Derivation of specific name: ternifolia: leaves in threes; jovis-tonantis: "Jupiter the Thunderer", meaning obscure; goetzei: after Walter Goetze (1872-1899), German naturalist, explorer, photographer and collector in Tanzania.
Habitat: In wooded grassland, on kopjes, and along streams and vleis, often on termite mounds.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:Sep - Dec
Worldwide distribution: Limpopo, South Africa to Kenya and West Africa
Zimbabwe distribution: N,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 7 October 2007

Bridson, D.M. & Verdcourt, B. (2003). Rubiaceae, Part 3 Flora Zambesiaca 5(3) Pages 669 - 671.

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 242. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 954. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave, K. et al. (1956). Trees of Central Africa National Publications Trust, Salisbury. Pages 385 - 388. as Gardenia asperula (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 97.

Other sources of information about Gardenia ternifolia subsp. jovis-tonantis var. goetzei:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Gardenia ternifolia subsp. jovis-tonantis var. goetzei
Flora of Malawi: Gardenia ternifolia subsp. jovis-tonantis var. goetzei
Flora of Mozambique: Gardenia ternifolia subsp. jovis-tonantis var. goetzei
Flora of Zambia: Gardenia ternifolia subsp. jovis-tonantis var. goetzei

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Gardenia ternifolia
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Gardenia ternifolia
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Gardenia ternifolia
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Gardenia ternifolia
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Gardenia ternifolia
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Gardenia ternifolia
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Gardenia ternifolia
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Gardenia ternifolia
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Gardenia ternifolia
Ispot Southern Africa: Gardenia ternifolia
JSTOR Plant Science: Gardenia ternifolia
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Gardenia ternifolia
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Gardenia ternifolia
The Plant List (version 1.1): Gardenia ternifolia
Tropicos: Gardenia ternifolia

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Gardenia ternifolia subsp. jovis-tonantis var. goetzei., retrieved 24 April 2019

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