Pentanisia schweinfurthii Hiern

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Pentanisia schweinfurthii

Photo: Petra Ballings
Cleveland Dam

Pentanisia schweinfurthii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Cleveland Dam

Pentanisia schweinfurthii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Haka Game Park

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Pentanisia variabilis sensu auct. non Harv.
Common names:
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
Perennial herb up to 25 cm, growing from a woody rootstock.
Notes: The bright blue flowers of this species and the closely related P. sykesii subsp. otomerioides are a familiar sight in spring on freshly burnt ground in grassland and woodland. It seems that fire is actually needed to stimulate flowering. Both species are very similar and are sometimes found growing together.
Derivation of specific name: schweinfurthii: named after Dr Georg August Schweinfurth (1836-1925), German botanical collector and taxonomist.
Habitat: In grassland and open woodland
Altitude range: (metres) 800 - 2250 m
Flowering time:Aug - Oct
Worldwide distribution: Nigeria to South Sudan and south tropical Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,C,E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Tuesday 29 September 2015

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 106 - 107. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 248. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 43.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 73.

Plowes, D.C.H. & Drummond, R.B. (1990). Wild Flowers of Zimbabwe. Revised edition. Longman, Zimbabwe. No. 134, plate 175

Verdcourt, B. (1988). Rubiaceae, Part 1 Flora Zambesiaca 5(1) Pages 59 - 61. (Includes a picture).

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 99.

Other sources of information about Pentanisia schweinfurthii:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Pentanisia schweinfurthii
Flora of Malawi: Pentanisia schweinfurthii
Flora of Mozambique: Pentanisia schweinfurthii
Flora of Zambia: Pentanisia schweinfurthii

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Pentanisia schweinfurthii
African Plant Database: Pentanisia schweinfurthii
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Pentanisia schweinfurthii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Pentanisia schweinfurthii
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Pentanisia schweinfurthii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Pentanisia schweinfurthii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Pentanisia schweinfurthii
JSTOR Plant Science: Pentanisia schweinfurthii
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Pentanisia schweinfurthii
Plants of the World Online: Pentanisia schweinfurthii
Tropicos: Pentanisia schweinfurthii
Wikipedia: Pentanisia schweinfurthii

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Pentanisia schweinfurthii., retrieved 12 December 2023

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