Pygmaeothamnus zeyheri (Sond.) Robyns
var. zeyheri

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Pygmaeothamnus zeyheri var. zeyheri

Photo: Bart Wursten
On Dyffryn Farm, close to main road between Headlands and Rusape

Pygmaeothamnus zeyheri var. zeyheri

Photo: Bart Wursten
On Dyffryn Farm, close to main road between Headlands and Rusape

Pygmaeothamnus zeyheri var. zeyheri

Photo: Bart Wursten
On Dyffryn Farm, close to main road between Headlands and Rusape

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Canthium oatesii Rolfe
Fadogia zeyheri (Sond.) Hiern
Pachystigma zeyheri Sond.
Vangueria zeyheri (Sond.) Sond.
Common names:
Status: Native
Suffrutex with stems up to 30 cm long, growing from a horizontal rhizome. Leaves mostly in whorls of 3-4, obovate to obovate-oblong or elliptic, 4-16 cm long, somewhat leathery, hairless (in this variety); margin entire; petiole 5-20 mm long. Stipules 4-5 mm long, triangular with a drawn out apex, hairless. Inflorescences in the lower leaf axils, up to 4 cm long, much-branched, few-many flowered, usually hairless but rarely with spreading hairs on the inflorescence axes and calyx tubes. Corolla red or greenish; tube 3-4 mm long; lobes 4-5 mm long, reflexed or sometimes erect. Fruit oblong, subglobose or pear-shaped, up to 3 × 2 cm, hairless.
Notes: Somewhat similar to Pachystigma pygmaeum, another suffrutex in the same family. However, Pygmaeothamnus zeyheri var. zeyheri has hairless leaves mostly in whorls of 3-4 whereas Pachystigma pygmaeum has generally hairy leaves which are paired and only rarely in whorls.
Derivation of specific name: zeyheri: after Carl Zeyher (1799 - 1858), a German naturalist
Habitat: In grassland and open woodland.
Altitude range: (metres) 900 - 1500 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: DRC, Angola, Botswana, Namibia, Zambia, Zimbabwe and South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 31 August 2013

Bridson, D.M. (1998). Rubiaceae, Part 2 Flora Zambesiaca 5(2) Pages 307 - 309. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 30.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 74.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 92.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 99.

Other sources of information about Pygmaeothamnus zeyheri var. zeyheri:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Pygmaeothamnus zeyheri var. zeyheri
Flora of Caprivi: Pygmaeothamnus zeyheri var. zeyheri
Flora of Zambia: Pygmaeothamnus zeyheri var. zeyheri

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Pygmaeothamnus zeyheri
African Plant Database: Pygmaeothamnus zeyheri
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Pygmaeothamnus zeyheri
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Pygmaeothamnus zeyheri
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Pygmaeothamnus zeyheri
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Pygmaeothamnus zeyheri
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Pygmaeothamnus zeyheri
JSTOR Plant Science: Pygmaeothamnus zeyheri
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Pygmaeothamnus zeyheri
Plants of the World Online: Pygmaeothamnus zeyheri
Tropicos: Pygmaeothamnus zeyheri
Wikipedia: Pygmaeothamnus zeyheri

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Pygmaeothamnus zeyheri var. zeyheri., retrieved 15 April 2024

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