Coffea arabica L.

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Coffea arabica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Sambonyara Rd, Vumba

Coffea arabica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Sambonyara Rd, Vumba

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Common names: Arabica coffee (English)
Frequency: A localized and occasional escape in eastern Zimbabwe.
Status: Introduced
Shrub or small tree. Leaves opposite, distinctly acuminate with 7-10 pairs of lateral veins; domatia inconspicuous or absent. Flowers in axillary clusters, white or pinkish. Fruit an ellipsoidal drupe, red to purple when ripe.
Derivation of specific name: arabica: Arabian
Habitat: Widely cultivated in plantations and occasionally found as a naturalised species in the understorey and along the margins of evergreen forest.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Native to Ethiopia, southern Sudan and northern Kenya.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Amata alicia (Food plant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Wednesday 8 November 2006

Bridson, D.M. & Verdcourt, B. (2003). Rubiaceae, Part 3 Flora Zambesiaca 5(3) Page 453.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 71.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 161.

Other sources of information about Coffea arabica:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Coffea arabica
Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Coffea arabica
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Coffea arabica

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Coffea arabica
African Plant Database: Coffea arabica
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Coffea arabica
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Coffea arabica
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Coffea arabica
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Coffea arabica
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Coffea arabica
JSTOR Plant Science: Coffea arabica
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Coffea arabica
Plants of the World Online: Coffea arabica
Tropicos: Coffea arabica
Wikipedia: Coffea arabica

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Coffea arabica., retrieved 5 October 2023

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