Chassalia parvifolia K. Schum.

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Chassalia parvifolia

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along road to Chosi View, Nyika National Park

Chassalia parvifolia

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along road to Chosi View, Nyika National Park

Chassalia parvifolia

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along road to Chosi View, Nyika National Park

Chassalia parvifolia

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along road to Chosi View, Nyika National Park

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Psychotria engleri K. Krause
Psychotria parvifolia (K. Schum.) De Wild.
Common names:
Status: Native
Much-branched bushy shrub to small tree, with 2-ribbed or ridged stems, hairless, soon becoming grey and corky. Leaves elliptic to obovate-oblanceolate or elliptic-oblong, 1–13 cm long, thinly textured, hairless; margins often more or less crinkly in the dry state; petiole 0.2–1.5 cm long; stipules triangular or short and very rounded, 1 -2 mm long. Flowers scented, in much branched small inflorescences; primary peduncles 0.6–5 cm long; secondary peduncles 0.3–3 cm long. Calyx tube squarish, 0.8 mm long; lobes ovate-triangular, 0.25 mm long. Corolla white or greenish-white, often ringed or ripped with pink; tube 4–7 mm long, widened above; lobes ovate, 2 mm long. Fruit ovoid or ellipsoid, 4.5–5 mm long, grooved between the pyrenes, translucent greenish yellow, pink or shiny black.
Notes: PLEASE NOTE the images show galled flower buds NOT fruit!
Specimens from the lower Chimanimani Mts (Haroni-Makurupini) in Zimbabwe may represent a different variety.
Derivation of specific name: parvifolia: with small leaves
Habitat: Montane forest or riverine forest.
Altitude range: (metres) 390 - 2200 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status: Vulnerable
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Friday 21 September 2018

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 238. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 910. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 1129.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 100.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 277. As Psychotria abrupta

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 14. SABONET. Pretoria. Page 168.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 71.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 87.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 161.

Verdcourt, B. (1988). Rubiaceae, Part 1 Flora Zambesiaca 5(1) Pages 39 - 41. (Includes a picture).

White, F., Dowsett-Lemaire, F. & Chapman, J.D. (2001). Evergreen forest flora of Malawi Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Pages 472 - 473. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Chassalia parvifolia:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Chassalia parvifolia
Flora of Mozambique: Chassalia parvifolia
Flora of Zambia: Chassalia parvifolia

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Chassalia parvifolia
African Plant Database: Chassalia parvifolia
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Chassalia parvifolia
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Chassalia parvifolia
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Chassalia parvifolia
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Chassalia parvifolia
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Chassalia parvifolia
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Chassalia parvifolia
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Chassalia parvifolia
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Chassalia parvifolia
Ispot Southern Africa: Chassalia parvifolia
JSTOR Plant Science: Chassalia parvifolia
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Chassalia parvifolia
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Chassalia parvifolia
The Plant List (version 1.1): Chassalia parvifolia
Tropicos: Chassalia parvifolia

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Chassalia parvifolia., retrieved 25 March 2019

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