Wahlenbergia undulata (L.f.) A. DC.

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Wahlenbergia undulata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Cleveland Dam

Wahlenbergia undulata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Cleveland Dam

Wahlenbergia undulata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mt Rukotso, Nyanga

Wahlenbergia undulata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mt Chinaka, Juliasdale

Wahlenbergia undulata

Photo: Petra Ballings
Shareragh rd, Mandara, Harare

Wahlenbergia undulata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Zvishavane - Mbalabala road

Wahlenbergia undulata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Zvishavane - Mbalabala road

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Campanula undulata L. f.
Wahlenbergia bojeri A. DC.
Wahlenbergia caledonica Sond.
Wahlenbergia caledonica Sond. var. cyanea (Engl. & Gilg) von Brehmer
Wahlenbergia cyanea Engl. & Gilg
Wahlenbergia dinteri von Brehmer
Wahlenbergia oatesii Rolfe
Wahlenbergia scoparia von Brehmer
Common names:
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
Perennial or sometimes annual herb, 20-90 cm high. Stems hairless or often hairy in the lower parts. hairy. Leaves crowded on the lower parts of the stems, near linear to narrowly lanceolate, 10-70 mm long, sessile; midrib prominent beneath, lateral veins obscure; margins entire or toothed, distinctly wavy. Inflorescence lax. Corolla campanulate, deeply 5-lobed, variable in colour from white or cream to blue, mauve or purple. Capsule 3-12 mm long, c. 10-veined with 3 valves, 1-3 mm long.
Notes: This is a widespread species and very variable in flower size and colour, leaf shape, fruits and indumentum.
Derivation of specific name: undulata: undulate, wavy
Habitat: In various types of grassland, often in rocky and seasonally wet places. Also on roadsides and cultivated land.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 2000 m
Flowering time:Sep - Mar
Worldwide distribution: Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Angola, Namibia, South Africa and Madagascar.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Tuesday 8 March 2016

Bandeira, S., Bolnick, D. & Barbosa, F. (2007). Wild Flowers of Southern Mozambique Universidade Eduardo Mondlane, Maputo, Mozambique Pages 202 - 203. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 123.

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 59.

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 37.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 40.

Fabian, A. & Germishuizen, G. (1997). Wild Flowers of Northern South Africa. Fernwood Press, Vlaeburg. Pages 418 - 421. (Includes a picture).

Kirby, G. (2013). Wild Flowers of Southeast Botswana Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa Page 337. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 31.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 38.

Pooley, E. (1998). A Field Guide to the Wild Flowers of KwaZulu-Natal and the Eastern Region. Natal Flora Publications Trust. Durban. Page 494.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 43.

Thulin, M. (1983). Campanulaceae Flora Zambesiaca 7(1) Pages 91 - 92.

Van Wyk, B. & Malan, S. (1988). Field Guide to the Wild Flowers of the Witwatersrand and Pretoria Region Struik, Cape Town Pages 248 - 249. also as Wahlenbergia caledonica (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Wahlenbergia undulata:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Wahlenbergia undulata
Flora of Caprivi: Wahlenbergia undulata
Flora of Malawi: Wahlenbergia undulata
Flora of Mozambique: Wahlenbergia undulata
Flora of Zambia: Wahlenbergia undulata

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Wahlenbergia undulata
African Plant Database: Wahlenbergia undulata
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Wahlenbergia undulata
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Wahlenbergia undulata
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Wahlenbergia undulata
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Wahlenbergia undulata
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Wahlenbergia undulata
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Wahlenbergia undulata
iNaturalist: Wahlenbergia undulata
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Wahlenbergia undulata
JSTOR Plant Science: Wahlenbergia undulata
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Wahlenbergia undulata
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Wahlenbergia undulata
Plants of the World Online: Wahlenbergia undulata
Tropicos: Wahlenbergia undulata
Wikipedia: Wahlenbergia undulata

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Wahlenbergia undulata.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=157670, retrieved 9 February 2023

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