Sphenoclea zeylanica Gaertn.

Selected images: Click on each image to see a larger version and details of the record View all images (6)

Sphenoclea zeylanica

Photo: Mark Hyde
Catapu Pan, Catapu, Mozambique

Sphenoclea zeylanica

Photo: Mark Hyde
Catapu Pan, Catapu, Mozambique

Detailed records: Display species records QDS maps by: Google Maps Point records by Google Maps

Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Common names:
Status: Native
Branched annual herb, up to 1.5 m tall. Stems hollow. Leaves lanceolate, narrowly ovate to elliptic, up to 12 × 5 cm, hairless; margin entire; petiole up to 1.5 cm long. Flowers in conical-cylindric spikes, up to 12 cm long. Corolla very small, white, greenish or pink yellow. Fruit a capsule, 4-5 mm in diameter, dehiscing below the calyx lobes, leaving the base attached to the rhachis.
Derivation of specific name: zeylanica: from Sri Lanka (Ceylon)
Habitat: In wet places near pools, pans, irrigation channels, swamps and floodplains
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1100 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa, Asia and (probably introduced) America
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 80.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 106.

Thulin, M. (1983). Sphenocleaceae Flora Zambesiaca 7(1) Pages 116 - 117. (Includes a picture).

Welman, W.G. (2000). Flora of Southern Africa contributions 16: Sphenocleaceae Bothalia 30(1) Pages 31 - 33. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Sphenoclea zeylanica:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Sphenoclea zeylanica
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Sphenoclea zeylanica
Flora of Malawi: Sphenoclea zeylanica
Flora of Mozambique: Sphenoclea zeylanica
Flora of Zambia: Sphenoclea zeylanica

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Sphenoclea zeylanica
African Plant Database: Sphenoclea zeylanica
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Sphenoclea zeylanica
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Sphenoclea zeylanica
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Sphenoclea zeylanica
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Sphenoclea zeylanica
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Sphenoclea zeylanica
JSTOR Plant Science: Sphenoclea zeylanica
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Sphenoclea zeylanica
Plants of the World Online: Sphenoclea zeylanica
Tropicos: Sphenoclea zeylanica
Wikipedia: Sphenoclea zeylanica

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Sphenoclea zeylanica.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=157700, retrieved 29 May 2024

Site software last modified: 26 March 2018 2:01pm (GMT +2)
Terms of use