Montanoa hibiscifolia Benth.

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Common names:
Shrub to 7-8 m. Leaves: petiole usually with 1-2 pairs of auricles near the apex; lamina circular to reniform in outline, palmately lobed to about the middle, cordate at the base. Capitula to 5 cm across.
Notes: Despite the record of M. bipinnatifida in Wild (1967), p. 57, it appears that only M. hibiscifolia is the species which escapes in Zimbabwe. Wild cites two records: Armitage in GHZ 46807 from division C (marked ?cult. and therefore doubtfully naturalised) and Allott 1 from Melsetter, presumably more definitely naturalised.

M. bipinnatifida has essentially pinnate (or 2-pinnate) leaves whereas M. hibiscifolia has an essentially palmate leaf. M. hibiscifolia also has auricles at the apex of the petiole and these are lacking in M. bipinnatifida.

Both species are recorded as cultivated in Zimbabwe (Maroyi, 2006).
Derivation of specific name: hibiscifolia: with leaves like a Hibiscus
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: S Mexico to Guatemala and Costa Rica; widely cultivated for ornament
Zimbabwe distribution: C,E
Growth form(s): Shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Beentje, H.J. & Ghazanfar, S.A. (eds.) (2005). Compositae (Part 3) Flora of Tropical East Africa Pages 756 - 757. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 39.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 27.

Other sources of information about Montanoa hibiscifolia:

Our websites:

Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Montanoa hibiscifolia

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Montanoa hibiscifolia
African Plant Database: Montanoa hibiscifolia
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Montanoa hibiscifolia
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Montanoa hibiscifolia
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Montanoa hibiscifolia
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Montanoa hibiscifolia
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Montanoa hibiscifolia
JSTOR Plant Science: Montanoa hibiscifolia
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Montanoa hibiscifolia
Plants of the World Online: Montanoa hibiscifolia
Tropicos: Montanoa hibiscifolia
Wikipedia: Montanoa hibiscifolia

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Montanoa hibiscifolia., retrieved 16 June 2024

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