Bidens kilimandscharica (O. Hoffm.) Sherff

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Synonyms: Bidens crataegifolia (O. Hoffm.) Sherff
Bidens cuspidata Sherff
Bidens insignis Sherff
Bidens leptoglossa (Sherff) Lisowski
Bidens meruensis Sherff
Bidens robustior S. Moore
Bidens ukambensis S. Moore
Bidens volkensii O. Hoffm.
Coreopsis crataegifolia O. Hoffm.
Coreopsis kilimandscharica O. Hoffm.
Coreopsis leptoglossa Sherff
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Robust perennial herb, up to 3 m high; stems slightly woody at base, little branched, more or less densely velvety or hairy. Leaves variable, pinnatipartite to bipinnatisect or the uppermost and lowermost sometimes simple, 5–15 cm long and up to 10 cm wide, hairy or hispid-pubescent on both surfaces; margins serrate to lobed; petiole 10–40 mm long. Capitula terminal, solitary or in few-headed leafy cymes, erect; involucre 7–14 mm long; outer phyllaries 9–13, green, pubescent, inner phyllaries with scarious margins, hairy to velvety. Ray florets yellow or orange, 8–13, 20–40 mm long, 10–15 mm wide; disc florets yellow, 5–7 mm long. Achenes black or dark brown, 5.5–10 mm long, compressed, hairy; aristae absent in outer achenes, on inner 2, divergent, to 2.5 mm long, nude or with 1 or 2 antrorsely- or retrorsely-set barbs at apex or at base.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: kilimandscharica: of Mt Kilimanjaro in Tanzania, where the type specimen was collected.
Habitat:
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Angola, DRC, Burundi, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe distribution: C,E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 84.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 23.

Wild, H. (1967). The Compositae of the Flora Zambesiaca area. 1. Heliantheae. Kirkia 6(1) Pages 31 - 32.


Other sources of information about Bidens kilimandscharica:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Bidens kilimandscharica
Flora of Mozambique: Bidens kilimandscharica

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Bidens kilimandscharica
African Plant Database: Bidens kilimandscharica
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Bidens kilimandscharica
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Bidens kilimandscharica
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Bidens kilimandscharica
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Bidens kilimandscharica
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Bidens kilimandscharica
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Bidens kilimandscharica
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Bidens kilimandscharica
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Bidens kilimandscharica
Ispot Southern Africa: Bidens kilimandscharica
JSTOR Plant Science: Bidens kilimandscharica
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Bidens kilimandscharica
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Bidens kilimandscharica
The Plant List (version 1.1): Bidens kilimandscharica
Tropicos: Bidens kilimandscharica


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-18

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2018). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Bidens kilimandscharica.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=160630, retrieved 14 December 2018

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