Tridax procumbens L.

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Tridax procumbens

Photo: Bart Wursten
Chithora River, rd to Tsetsera

Tridax procumbens

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mukuvisi Woodland, office area

Tridax procumbens

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mukuvisi Woodland, office area

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Common names:
Frequency: Common
Status: Introduced
Annual or sometimes perennial, prostrate to ascending herb to c.50 cm. Leaves: petiole up to c.2 cm; lamina ovate, strigose-pubescent on both sides; margin coarsely and often deeply dentate. Peduncles long, 5-25 cm, bare. Capitula 1-1.5 cm in diameter. Rays c.4 mm, pale yellow. Receptacular scales c.6 mm, linear. Achenes c.2 mm, narrowly obovoid. Pappus c.3 mm, of c.20 alternately long and short plumose setae.
Notes: Often considered a lowly and humble plant and despised as a weed but there is no flower, indigenous or cultivated, that can rival its popularity in attracting butterflies. If you want butterflies in your garden, treasure it.
Derivation of specific name: procumbens: with stems lying along the ground; procumbent
Habitat: A weed of disturbed ground, often on roadsides and in waste places; also in naturally disturbed areas such as sandy stream beds.
Altitude range: (metres) 350 - 1570 m
Flowering time:All year
Worldwide distribution: Native of Mexico, but now a pantropical weed.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Monday 4 February 2008

Bandeira, S., Bolnick, D. & Barbosa, F. (2007). Wild Flowers of Southern Mozambique Universidade Eduardo Mondlane, Maputo, Mozambique Page 211. (Includes a picture).

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 172 - 173. (Includes a picture).

Kirby, G. (2013). Wild Flowers of Southeast Botswana Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa Page 69. (Includes a picture).

Pickering, H. & Roe, E. (2009). Wild Flowers of the Victoria Falls Area Helen Pickering, London Page 41. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 38.

Wild, H. (1967). The Compositae of the Flora Zambesiaca area. 1. Heliantheae. Kirkia 6(1) Page 11.


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Other sources of information about Tridax procumbens:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Tridax procumbens
Flora of Malawi: Tridax procumbens
Flora of Mozambique: Tridax procumbens
Flora of Zambia: Tridax procumbens

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Tridax procumbens
African Plant Database: Tridax procumbens
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Tridax procumbens
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Tridax procumbens
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Tridax procumbens
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Tridax procumbens
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Tridax procumbens
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Tridax procumbens
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Tridax procumbens
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Tridax procumbens
Ispot Southern Africa: Tridax procumbens
JSTOR Plant Science: Tridax procumbens
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Tridax procumbens
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Tridax procumbens
The Plant List (version 1.1): Tridax procumbens
Tropicos: Tridax procumbens

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-18

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2018). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Tridax procumbens., retrieved 21 February 2018

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