Tagetes patula L.

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Tagetes patula

Photo: Bart Wursten
Outside Mutare Boys High

Tagetes patula

Photo: Bart Wursten
Outside Mutare Boys High

Tagetes patula

Photo: Bart Wursten
Outside Mutare Boys High

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Common names: French marigold (English)
Frequency: Local
Status: Introduced
Strongly aromatic, erect annual herb up to 60 cm tall. Leaves elliptic in outline, deeply pinnately lobed; lobes strongly serrate. Capitula with broadly ovate ray florets, emarginate at the apex, yellow to deeply orange-red, with or without darker markings.
Notes: It is widely cultivated as a garden ornamental and is known as an occasional naturalised escape. Note: The specimen in the photographs, clearly naturalised along a degraded stretch of road, is a first record for the Eastern Division.
Derivation of specific name: patula: spreading
Habitat: Native to Mexico; naturalised elsewhere.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution:
Zimbabwe distribution: N,E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Rhodogastria amasis (Food plant)
spilosoma lineata (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Beentje, H.J. & Ghazanfar, S.A. (eds.) (2005). Compositae (Part 3) Flora of Tropical East Africa Page 728.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 28.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 33.

Pope, G.V. (1975). The Compositae of the Flora Zambesiaca area. 6. Helenieae. Kirkia 10(1) Pages 116 - 118. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Tagetes patula:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Tagetes patula
Flora of Zambia: Tagetes patula
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Tagetes patula

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Tagetes patula
African Plant Database: Tagetes patula
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Tagetes patula
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Tagetes patula
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Tagetes patula
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Tagetes patula
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Tagetes patula
JSTOR Plant Science: Tagetes patula
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Tagetes patula
Plants of the World Online: Tagetes patula
Tropicos: Tagetes patula
Wikipedia: Tagetes patula

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Tagetes patula.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=160790, retrieved 25 June 2024

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