Cotula anthemoides L.

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Cotula anthemoides

Photo: Stephanie Hull
Menswa Pan, Nyakasanga Safari Area.

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Synonyms: Cotula dichrocephala A. Rich.
Common names:
Status: Probably native
Annual, erect or procumbent, herb, to 30 cm. Leaves pinnatisect to 2-pinnatisect with dentate lobes, lanceolate in outline, arachnoid-pubescent when young becoming hairless; base semi-amplexicaul. Capitula solitary, terminal, ± spherical, borne on a short peduncle, 0.6-1.3 cm long. Phyllaries obovate, with scarious margins, borne in 2 rows. Disc florets yellow or pale yellow; outer florets similar to the inner ones, with a corolla; outer florets stalked; inner florets without stalks. Achenes 1.2-1.5 mm long, dorsiventrally flattened, with narrow wings widening above.
Notes: Cotula anthemoides could be confused with species of Grangea, which are also small composites with rayless yellow flowers occurring in aquatic situations.
Derivation of specific name: anthemoides: resembling an Anthemis, another genus in the Asteraceae
Habitat: In moist places; by river and stream banks and on the dried-up margins of dams and lakes.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Egypt, Sudan, Ethiopia, southern Africa, Arabia, India and China; a widespread weed in warm regions of the Old World
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 14 October 2018

Beentje, H.J. (ed.) (2002). Compositae (Part 2) Flora of Tropical East Africa Page 525.

Kirby, G. (2013). Wild Flowers of Southeast Botswana Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa Page 133. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 24.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 32.

Other sources of information about Cotula anthemoides:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Cotula anthemoides
Flora of Zambia: Cotula anthemoides

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Cotula anthemoides
African Plant Database: Cotula anthemoides
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Cotula anthemoides
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Cotula anthemoides
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Cotula anthemoides
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Cotula anthemoides
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Cotula anthemoides
JSTOR Plant Science: Cotula anthemoides
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Cotula anthemoides
Plants of the World Online: Cotula anthemoides
Tropicos: Cotula anthemoides
Wikipedia: Cotula anthemoides

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Cotula anthemoides., retrieved 26 May 2024

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