Berkheya echinacea (Harv.) O. Hoffm. ex Burtt Davy
subsp. polyacantha (Baker) Roessler

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Synonyms: Berkheya polyacantha Baker
Common names:
Status: Native
Derivation of specific name:
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution:
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 162 - 163. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 82.

Fabian, A. & Germishuizen, G. (1997). Wild Flowers of Northern South Africa. Fernwood Press, Vlaeburg. Page 456. Note this is a different subspecies, namely subsp. echinacea. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 23.

Pope, G.V. (1992). Compositae Flora Zambesiaca 6(1) Pages 240 - 241. As Berkheya polyacantha

Roessler, H. (1975). The Compositae of the Flora Zambesiaca Area, 5 Subtribe Gorteriinae. Kirkia 10(1) Pages 76 - 77.

Other sources of information about Berkheya echinacea subsp. polyacantha:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Berkheya echinacea subsp. polyacantha
Flora of Zambia: Berkheya echinacea subsp. polyacantha

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Berkheya echinacea
African Plant Database: Berkheya echinacea
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Berkheya echinacea
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Berkheya echinacea
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Berkheya echinacea
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Berkheya echinacea
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Berkheya echinacea
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Berkheya echinacea
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Berkheya echinacea
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Berkheya echinacea
Ispot Southern Africa: Berkheya echinacea
JSTOR Plant Science: Berkheya echinacea
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Berkheya echinacea
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Berkheya echinacea
The Plant List (version 1.1): Berkheya echinacea
Tropicos: Berkheya echinacea

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-18

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2018). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Berkheya echinacea subsp. polyacantha., retrieved 22 June 2018

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