Taraxacum sp. agg.

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Taraxacum sp.

Photo: Bart Wursten
Hillside Park, Harare

Taraxacum sp.

Photo: Bart Wursten
Arundel School Road, Harare

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Common names: Dandelion (English)
Frequency: A common weed in Harare.
Status: Introduced
Scapes 1-40 cm, stout. Basal leaves: lamina 5-11 × 1.5-3.5 cm, oblanceolate in outline, dentate to runcinate-pinnatifid, glabrous or ± pubescent. Capitula solitary, terminal. Involucre up to c.15 × 9 mm. Phyllaries: inner up to 14 mm, linear-lanceolate with a scarious margin; outer shorter. Corolla yellow. Achenes 2.5-3 mm, pale to dark brown, oblanceolate in outline, 10-14-ribbed, antrorsely muricate or echinate above with an apical beak, 4-7 mm. Pappus setae 4-6 mm.
Notes: The genus is here treated as one variable aggregate species. However, many hundreds of microspecies, which mostly arise from the apomictic method of reproduction, have been described. It is not known which of these occur in Zimbabwe.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Lawns, playing fields and on roadsides, preferring areas which are watered during the winter.
Altitude range: (metres) 1290 - 1810 m
Flowering time:Sep - Apr
Worldwide distribution: Native of the northern hemisphere but also occurring in Australia, and South America.
Zimbabwe distribution: W,C,E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 22 December 2012

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 34. As Taraxacum officinale

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 28. as Taraxacum officinale sensu lato

Pope, G.V. (1992). Compositae Flora Zambesiaca 6(1) Pages 212 - 214. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Taraxacum sp.:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Taraxacum sp.
Flora of Mozambique: Taraxacum sp.
Flora of Zambia: Taraxacum sp.

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Taraxacum sp.
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Taraxacum sp.
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Taraxacum sp.
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Taraxacum sp.
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Taraxacum sp.
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Taraxacum sp.
JSTOR Plant Science: Taraxacum sp.
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Taraxacum sp.
Plants of the World Online: Taraxacum sp.
Tropicos: Taraxacum sp.
Wikipedia: Taraxacum sp.

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Taraxacum sp..
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=162070, retrieved 13 April 2024

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