Andropogon africanus Franch.

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Common names:
Status: Native
Caespitose perennial; culms up to 170 cm high, erect, usually branched. Leaves glabrous; ligule a very short (c. 0.5 mm) minutely fringed membrane; laminas 5–17 cm × 2.5–5 mm, flat or folded, abruptly acute at the apex. Racemes in pairs, 3–4.5 cm long, zig-zag, exserted from the spatheoles at maturity; peduncles longer than the racemes; internodes and pedicels filiform, divergent, clavate above, ciliate on both margins, the hairs much longer towards the apex. Spikelets similar, 4.5–5.5 mm long, reddish. Sessile spikelet: inferior glume with broad median groove, glabrous; superior lemma bifid to about half way; awn geniculate, 11–15.5 mm long; anthers 2–2.5 mm long, straw-coloured. Pedicelled spikelet male; inferior glume with an awn 1–2 mm long.
Derivation of specific name: africanus: African
Habitat: Growing at the edges of dambos
Altitude range: (metres) 1230 - 1950 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Throughout Tropical Africa
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Cope, T.A. (2002). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(4) Page 63.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 99.

Other sources of information about Andropogon africanus:

Our websites:

Flora of Zambia: Andropogon africanus

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Andropogon africanus
African Plant Database: Andropogon africanus
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Andropogon africanus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Andropogon africanus
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Andropogon africanus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Andropogon africanus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Andropogon africanus
JSTOR Plant Science: Andropogon africanus
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Andropogon africanus
Plants of the World Online: Andropogon africanus
Tropicos: Andropogon africanus
Wikipedia: Andropogon africanus

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Andropogon africanus., retrieved 19 April 2024

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