Raphionacme palustris Venter & R.L. Verh.

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Common names:
Status: Native
Perennial hairless herb, up to 50 cm high, growing from a spindle-shaped tuberous taproot, up to 25 cm long. Stems up to 50 cm long, erect or sub-erect, branched, becoming violet when older. Leaves opposite, oblong-ovate, up to 6 × 3 cm, dark green above, paler below, veining translucent; margin violet; petiole 2-10 mm long, violet. Flowers in axillary and terminal, few-flowered heads. Sepals brownish-violet. Corolla lobes spreading, obovate-oblong, c. 10 × 5 mm, pale greenish-violet outside, whitish-violet inside. Corona whitish-violet, apically lobed. Fruit normally a single erect follicle, very narrowly cylindric, 18-27 cm long, pointed.
Notes: Only known from one collection: Hoffe 9, Kadoma (PRE)
Derivation of specific name: palustris: of swamps and marshes.
Habitat: Occurring in swamps and wet grassland.
Altitude range: (metres) 1150 m (approx)
Flowering time:Sep - Oct
Worldwide distribution: Zimbabwe, and KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: C
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Goyder, D.J., Gilbert, M.G. & Venter, H.J.T. (2020). Apocynaceae (Part 2) Flora Zambesiaca 7(2) Pages 47 - 48.

Venter, H.J.T. (2009). A Taxonomic revision of Raphionacme (Apocynaceae: Periplocoideae) South African Journal of Botany 75(2) Pages 330 - 333.

Other sources of information about Raphionacme palustris:

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Raphionacme palustris
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Raphionacme palustris
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Raphionacme palustris
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Raphionacme palustris
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Raphionacme palustris
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Raphionacme palustris
JSTOR Plant Science: Raphionacme palustris
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Raphionacme palustris
Plants of the World Online: Raphionacme palustris
Tropicos: Raphionacme palustris
Wikipedia: Raphionacme palustris

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Raphionacme palustris.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=184390, retrieved 3 December 2023

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