Oldenlandia herbacea (L.) Roxb.[Agg]

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Oldenlandia herbacea

Photo: Bart Wursten
Cleveland Dam

Oldenlandia herbacea

Photo: Bart Wursten
Cleveland Dam

Oldenlandia herbacea

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mt Chinaka, Juliasdale

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Synonyms: Hedyotis herbacea L.
Common names:
Status: Native
Annual or perennial herb with much-branched wiry stems, often intertwined. Leaves small, linear lanceolate. Flowers solitary or in pairs on longish stalks, axillary at the nodes, up to 5 mm in diameter, white or pale mauve.
Notes: Two varieties occur in Zimbabwe: Var. herbacea has shorter flowers, the corolla tube 2-3.5 mm in length. Var. goetzei Bremek. has longer flowers, the corolla tube 5-11 mm in length.Our specimens from Cleveland Dam are intermediate between var. herbacea and var. goetzei as described on p. 136 of FZ.
Derivation of specific name: herbacea: herb-like or herbaceous; not woody
Habitat: In a wide variety of habitats, from dry woodland to damp grassland and seepage zones and roadsides.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1850 m
Flowering time:Sep - Mar
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in Africa and Asia, Madagascar and other Indian Ocean Islands.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 245. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 73. as var. goetzei and var. herbacea

Verdcourt, B. (1988). Rubiaceae, Part 1 Flora Zambesiaca 5(1) Pages 134 - 136.

Wild, H. (1955). Common Rhodesian Weeds Government of Rhodesia, Salisbury Page 58. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Oldenlandia herbacea:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Oldenlandia herbacea
Flora of Malawi: Oldenlandia herbacea
Flora of Mozambique: Oldenlandia herbacea
Flora of Zambia: Oldenlandia herbacea

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Oldenlandia herbacea
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Oldenlandia herbacea
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Oldenlandia herbacea
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Oldenlandia herbacea
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Oldenlandia herbacea
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Oldenlandia herbacea
JSTOR Plant Science: Oldenlandia herbacea
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Oldenlandia herbacea
Plants of the World Online: Oldenlandia herbacea
Tropicos: Oldenlandia herbacea
Wikipedia: Oldenlandia herbacea

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Oldenlandia herbacea.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=184980, retrieved 23 September 2023

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