Solanum sisymbriifolium Lam.

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Solanum sisymbriifolium

Photo: Ian Riddell
Double Ro Ranch (Carswell), near Nyabira

Solanum sisymbriifolium

Photo: Ian Riddell
Double Ro Ranch (Carswell), near Nyabira

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Synonyms: Solanum balbisii Dunal
Solanum bipinnatipartitum Dunal
Solanum rogersii S. Moore
Common names: Dense-thorned bitter apple (English) Fire-and-Ice plant (English) Litchi tomato (English) Morelle de Balbis (English) Sticky nightshade (English)
Status: Introduced
Much-branched low shrub, 0.5-1.5 m tall. All parts covered with sticky glandular hairs and bearing bright orange-red to brown-yellow spines up to 20 mm long. Leaves up to 20 cm long, pinnately lobed and toothed, glandular and spiny. Flowers white, cream or bluish. Fruits shiny berries, bright red when ripe.
Notes: Oddly, there is no mention of this species for any Flora Zambesiaca countries in the account of Solanaceae (Gonçalves, A.E., 2005) in Flora Zambesiaca 8(4); this record appears to be the first for Zimbabwe.
Derivation of specific name: sisymbriifolium: the leaves resemble those of certain species of the genus Sisymbrium (Brassicaceae)
Habitat: In disturbed areas.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Native to South America (Brazil, Argentina, Uruguay and Paraguay) and occurring as a naturalised plant worldwide.
Zimbabwe distribution: N
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Thursday 25 February 2016

Henderson, L. (2001). Alien weeds and invasive plants Plant Protection Research Institute Handbook No. 12. Plant Protection Research Institute, Agricultural Research Council, South Africa. Page 131. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Solanum sisymbriifolium:

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Solanum sisymbriifolium
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Solanum sisymbriifolium
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Solanum sisymbriifolium
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Solanum sisymbriifolium
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Solanum sisymbriifolium
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Solanum sisymbriifolium
JSTOR Plant Science: Solanum sisymbriifolium
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Solanum sisymbriifolium
Plants of the World Online: Solanum sisymbriifolium
Tropicos: Solanum sisymbriifolium
Wikipedia: Solanum sisymbriifolium

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Solanum sisymbriifolium., retrieved 27 May 2024

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