Solanum viarum Dunal

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Solanum viarum

Photo: Mark Hyde
Hatcliffe South Extension

Solanum viarum

Photo: Mark Hyde
Hatcliffe South Extension

Solanum viarum

Photo: Mark Hyde
Hatcliffe South Extension

Solanum viarum

Photo: Mark Hyde
Hatcliffe South Extension

Solanum viarum

Photo: Mark Hyde
Hatcliffe South Extension

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Solanum chloranthum DC.
Solanum khasianum C.B. Clarke var. chatterjeeanum Sengupta
Solanum viridiflorum Schltdl.
Common names: Tropical soda apple (English)
Frequency: A rare introduction
Status: Introduced
Description:
Herb or small shrub, 50–150 cm tall, with densely hairy stems and branches with recurved (2–5 mm long) and straight spines (up to 20 mm long) on the leaf stalks and the leaf veins. Leaves: lamina 6–20 × 6–15 cm, dark green, glossy above, duller below, hairy, simple, broadly ovate with blunt lobes, with spines on the veins and hairs on both sides; petiole 3–7 cm long with prickles. Flowers 1.5 cm across, white in clusters of 1–5. Fruit a berry, 2-3 cm in diameter, mottled light and dark green becoming pale yellow when mature, smooth containing c. 400 brown seeds, 2–3 mm in diameter.
Notes: This species is not mentioned at all in FZ 8(4) and may, therefore, be a recent introduction.
Derivation of specific name: viarum: of the wayside, ruderal
Habitat: In disturbed ground
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Argentina, southern Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay
Zimbabwe distribution: C
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 14 January 2018
Literature:

Witt, A. (2017). Guide to the naturalized and invasive plants of Southeast Asia CAB International, UK. Pages 122 - 123. (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Solanum viarum:

Our websites:

Flora of Zambia: Solanum viarum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Solanum viarum
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Solanum viarum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Solanum viarum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Solanum viarum
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Solanum viarum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Solanum viarum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Solanum viarum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Solanum viarum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Solanum viarum
Ispot Southern Africa: Solanum viarum
JSTOR Plant Science: Solanum viarum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Solanum viarum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Solanum viarum
The Plant List (version 1.1): Solanum viarum
Tropicos: Solanum viarum


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-18

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2018). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Solanum viarum.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=227640, retrieved 24 February 2018

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