Spermatophyta: Monocotyledonae: Asparagales

Hyacinthaceae

Stedje, B. (1996) Hyacinthaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa

Description of the family

Herbs with bulbs. Leaves in a basal rosette from the apex of the bulb (in Bowiea and Schizobasis, leaves 0 or much reduced), with or without spots, sometimes papillose or hairy. Inflorescence a raceme or spike on a leafless peduncle (but in Bowiea and Schizobasis much-branched and complex). Flowers greenish to white or yellowish, purplish to purple or blue, often with a green or dark midrib. Perianth segments 6, free or fused into a tube. Ovary superior, 3-locular, with 1-many ovules per loculus. Fruit a loculicidal capsule. Seeds black, sometimes winged.

Comment: The genera included by us under Hyacinthaceae are nowadays often placed under Asparagaceae. However, we have followed the more traditional treatment for the time being.

Worldwide: 41 genera and 770 species, ± cosmopolitan, but especially Mediterranean region and South Africa.

Zimbabwe: 3 cultivated genera and 1 cultivated taxon.

No image of a cultivated species but there is an image of a native or naturalised species

Links to cultivated genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

GenusContent
Bowiea Harv. ex Hook. f.Description
Eucomis L'Hér.Description
Veltheimia Gled.

Other sources of information about Hyacinthaceae:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Hyacinthaceae
Flora of Caprivi: Hyacinthaceae
Flora of Malawi: Hyacinthaceae
Flora of Mozambique: Hyacinthaceae
Flora of Zambia: Hyacinthaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: Hyacinthaceae

External websites:

GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Hyacinthaceae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Cultivated plants: Family page: Hyacinthaceae.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/cult/family.php?family_id=101, retrieved 24 August 2016

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