Spermatophyta: Dicotyledonae: Archichlamydeae: Sapindales

Rutaceae - Citrus family

Mendonça, F. A. (1963) Rutaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(1)

Description of the family

Armed or unarmed trees or shrubs, sometimes climbing, rarely suffrutices or perennial herbs (Thamnosma only). Stipules 0. Leaves opposite or alternate, simple or compound, often aromatic when crushed, dotted with translucent glands which may be confined to the margin only, usually readily visible when the leaf is held up to the light. Inflorescence a panicle, raceme or cluster. Flowers bisexual or unisexual, (2-)4-5-merous. Petals free. Stamens as many as or twice the number of petals, inserted at base of disk. Ovary composed of a single carpel or of 2-5(-7) partially or wholly united carpels, superior or semi-inferior. Fruit baccate or drupaceous, 1-4-locular or a capsule or rarely a 1-seeded follicle.

Worldwide: 153 genera and 1,800 species, cosmopolitan, but especially in tropical areas.

Zimbabwe: 8 cultivated genera and 12 cultivated taxa.

Insects associated with this family:
Papilio nireus (Green-banded swallowtail) Food plant
No image of a cultivated species but there is an image of a native or naturalised species

Links to cultivated genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

GenusContent
Balfourodendron Corr.Mello ex Oliv.
Calodendrum Thunb.Description, Image
Casimiroa La LlaveDescription
Citrus L.Description
Fortunella Swingle
Murraya L.
Ruta L.
Tetradium Lour.

Other sources of information about Rutaceae:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Rutaceae
Flora of Caprivi: Rutaceae
Flora of Malawi: Rutaceae
Flora of Mozambique: Rutaceae
Flora of Zambia: Rutaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: Rutaceae

External websites:

GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Rutaceae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Cultivated plants: Family page: Rutaceae.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/cult/family.php?family_id=199, retrieved 4 December 2016

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