7290.000 Salvia L.

Description of the genus

Annual or perennial herbs, subshrubs or shrubs. Inflorescence a spike, raceme or panicle; flowers in 2-many-flowered whorls; bracts usually reduced, rarely similar to the upper leaves. Calyx 2-lipped; upper lip entire or 3-toothed, the central tooth often shorter or obsolete; lower lip equally 3-toothed, longer than the upper. Corolla 2-lipped; tube usually enlarging towards the throat; upper lip usually longer than lower, usually concave and ± flattened; lower lip spreading, 3-lobed, the central lobe usually much larger than the 2 lateral. Stamens 2, ascending; staminodes 2, small and usually inconspicuous. Style included or exserted. Readily recognised by the combination of ascending stamens and the number of stamens (2).

Worldwide: 900 species, from the tropics to temperate zones and especially in America, Sino-Himalayas and SW Asia

Zimbabwe: 13 cultivated taxa.

Insects associated with this genus:
Acherontia atropos (Death's head hawk) Food plant
Salvia coccinea

Links to cultivated taxa    View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesContent
africana-lutea L.
azurea Lam. var. grandiflora Benth.
coccinea Juss. ex Murr.Description, Image
farinacea Benth.
hispanica L.
involucrata Cav.
leucantha Cav.
microphylla Kunth
officinalis L.
patens Cav.
sclarea L.
splendens Roem. & Schultes
uliginosa Benth.

Other sources of information about Salvia:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Salvia
Flora of Malawi: Salvia
Flora of Mozambique: Salvia
Flora of Zambia: Salvia
Flora of Zimbabwe: Salvia

External websites:

ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Salvia
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Salvia
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Salvia
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Salvia
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Salvia

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Cultivated plants: genus page: Salvia.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/cult/genus.php?genus_id=1222, retrieved 28 September 2016

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