7290.000 Salvia L.

Description of the genus

Annual or perennial herbs, subshrubs or shrubs. Inflorescence a spike, raceme or panicle; flowers in 2-many-flowered whorls; bracts usually reduced, rarely similar to the upper leaves. Calyx 2-lipped; upper lip entire or 3-toothed, the central tooth often shorter or obsolete; lower lip equally 3-toothed, longer than the upper. Corolla 2-lipped; tube usually enlarging towards the throat; upper lip usually longer than lower, usually concave and ± flattened; lower lip spreading, 3-lobed, the central lobe usually much larger than the 2 lateral. Stamens 2, ascending; staminodes 2, small and usually inconspicuous. Style included or exserted. Readily recognised by the combination of ascending stamens and the number of stamens (2).

Worldwide: 900 species, from the tropics to temperate zones and especially in America, Sino-Himalayas and SW Asia

Zimbabwe: 5 taxa.

Insects associated with this genus:
Acherontia atropos (Death's head hawk) Food plant
Salvia coccinea

Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsContent
coccinea Buch’hoz ex Etl.N,W,C,EDescription, Image
hispanica L.
nilotica Juss. ex Jacq.C,EDescription, Image
reflexa Hornem.W,E
runcinata L.f.WDescription, Image

Other sources of information about Salvia:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Salvia
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Salvia
Flora of Malawi: Salvia
Flora of Mozambique: Salvia
Flora of Zambia: Salvia
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Salvia

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Salvia
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Salvia
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Salvia
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Salvia
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Salvia
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Salvia
JSTOR Plant Science: Salvia
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Salvia
Plants of the World Online: Salvia
Tropicos: Salvia
Wikipedia: Salvia

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Genus page: Salvia.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=1222, retrieved 28 May 2024

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