7290.000 Salvia L.

Description of the genus

Annual or perennial herbs, subshrubs or shrubs. Inflorescence a spike, raceme or panicle; flowers in 2-many-flowered whorls; bracts usually reduced, rarely similar to the upper leaves. Calyx 2-lipped; upper lip entire or 3-toothed, the central tooth often shorter or obsolete; lower lip equally 3-toothed, longer than the upper. Corolla 2-lipped; tube usually enlarging towards the throat; upper lip usually longer than lower, usually concave and ± flattened; lower lip spreading, 3-lobed, the central lobe usually much larger than the 2 lateral. Stamens 2, ascending; staminodes 2, small and usually inconspicuous. Style included or exserted. Readily recognised by the combination of ascending stamens and the number of stamens (2).

Worldwide: 900 species, from the tropics to temperate zones and especially in America, Sino-Himalayas and SW Asia

Zimbabwe: 16 cultivated taxa.

Insects associated with this genus:
Acherontia atropos (Death's head hawk) Food plant
Salvia coccinea

Links to cultivated taxa    View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

aurea L.
azurea Lam. var. grandiflora Benth.
coccinea Buch’hoz ex Etl.Description, Image
farinacea Benth.
greggii A. GrayImage
hispanica L.
involucrata Cav.
leucantha Cav.
microphylla Kunth
nilotica Juss. ex Jacq.Description, Image
officinalis L.
patens Cav.
reflexa Hornem.
sclarea L.
splendens Roem. & Schultes
uliginosa Benth.

Other sources of information about Salvia:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Salvia
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Salvia
Flora of Malawi: Salvia
Flora of Mozambique: Salvia
Flora of Zambia: Salvia
Flora of Zimbabwe: Salvia

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Salvia
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Salvia
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Salvia
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Salvia
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Salvia
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Salvia
JSTOR Plant Science: Salvia
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Salvia
Plants of the World Online: Salvia
Tropicos: Salvia
Wikipedia: Salvia

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Cultivated plants: genus page: Salvia.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/cult/genus.php?genus_id=1222, retrieved 4 March 2024

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