7290.000 Salvia L.

Description of the genus

Annual or perennial herbs, subshrubs or shrubs. Inflorescence a spike, raceme or panicle; flowers in 2-many-flowered whorls; bracts usually reduced, rarely similar to the upper leaves. Calyx 2-lipped; upper lip entire or 3-toothed, the central tooth often shorter or obsolete; lower lip equally 3-toothed, longer than the upper. Corolla 2-lipped; tube usually enlarging towards the throat; upper lip usually longer than lower, usually concave and ± flattened; lower lip spreading, 3-lobed, the central lobe usually much larger than the 2 lateral. Stamens 2, ascending; staminodes 2, small and usually inconspicuous. Style included or exserted. Readily recognised by the combination of ascending stamens and the number of stamens (2).

Worldwide: 900 species, from the tropics to temperate zones and especially in America, Sino-Himalayas and SW Asia

Zimbabwe: 15 cultivated taxa.

Insects associated with this genus:
Acherontia atropos (Death's head hawk) Food plant
Salvia coccinea

Links to cultivated taxa    View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesContent
africana-lutea L.
azurea Lam. var. grandiflora Benth.
coccinea Juss. ex Murr.Description, Image
farinacea Benth.
hispanica L.
involucrata Cav.
leucantha Cav.
microphylla Kunth
nilotica Juss. ex Jacq.Description, Image
officinalis L.
patens Cav.
reflexa Hornem.
sclarea L.
splendens Roem. & Schultes
uliginosa Benth.

Other sources of information about Salvia:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Salvia
Flora of Malawi: Salvia
Flora of Mozambique: Salvia
Flora of Zambia: Salvia
Flora of Zimbabwe: Salvia

External websites:

ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Salvia
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Salvia
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Salvia
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Salvia
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Salvia

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Zimbabwe: Cultivated plants: genus page: Salvia.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/cult/genus.php?genus_id=1222, retrieved 22 May 2019

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