Acacia karroo Hayne

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Acacia karroo

Photo: Bart Wursten
Greystone Park NR

Acacia karroo

Photo: Bart Wursten
Cecil Kop, Mutare

Acacia karroo

Photo: Paul Hubbard
Tshabalala Game Park, near Bulawayo

Acacia karroo

Photo: Paul Hubbard
Tshabalala Game Park, near Bulawayo

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Synonyms: Acacia horrida auct.
Acacia natalitia E. Mey.
Common names: Isinga (Ndebele) Mubayamhondoro (Shona) Muhunga (Shona) Muzunga (Shona) Sweet thorn (English)
Description: Small to medium-sized tree. The bark of young branches is distinctly orange-red. Thorns are opposite, straight, up to 5 cm long, whitish with dark tips, often inflated along the length. Inflorescences at the ends of new branches, showy. Flowers golden yellow, sweetly scented. Pods slender, sickle-shaped, slightly constricted between the seeds.
Notes: See Acacia nilotica for comparison.
Derivation of specific name: karroo: from the Karroo region of South Africa
Flowering time:Nov - Jan
Worldwide distribution: Angola, Namibia, Botswana, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Swaziland and South Africa.
Growth form(s): Tree.
Insects (whose larvae eat this species): Azanus jesous (Topaz-spotted blue)
Anthene amarah amarah (Black-striped hairtail)
Thyretes caffra (Bar maiden)
Heniocha apollonia (Southern Marbled Emperor)
Gynanisa maja (Speckled emperor)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Image last updated: Saturday 11 February 2006

Biegel, H.M. (1977). Check-list of ornamental plants used in Rhodesian parks and gardens. Rhodesia Agricultural Journal. Research Report No. 3. Page 17.

Brenan, J.P.M. (1970). Mimosoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(1) Pages 87 - 88.

Coates Palgrave, K. et al. (1956). Trees of Central Africa National Publications Trust, Salisbury. Pages 242 - 245. (Includes a picture).

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Pages 154 - 155. (Includes a picture).

Davies, H.F. (Undated). Alphabetical Catalogue of Plants growing in the gardens of Ewanrigg National Park, Arcturus. [Possibly not published (typed only)] Page 4.

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 214.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 241.

Drummond, R.B. (1981). Common Trees of the Central Watershed Woodlands of Zimbabwe. Natural Resources Board, Harare. Pages 46 - 47. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 59.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 13.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 92.

Timberlake, J., Fagg, C. & Barnes, R. (1999). Field Guide to the Acacias of Zimbabwe CBC Publishing, Harare Pages 76 - 79. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Acacia karroo:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Acacia karroo
Flora of Caprivi: Acacia karroo
Flora of Malawi: Acacia karroo
Flora of Mozambique: Acacia karroo
Flora of Zambia: Acacia karroo
Flora of Zimbabwe: Acacia karroo

External websites:

African Plant Database: Acacia karroo
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Acacia karroo
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Acacia karroo
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Acacia karroo
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Acacia karroo
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Acacia karroo
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Acacia karroo
Ispot Southern Africa : Acacia karroo
JSTOR Plant Science: Acacia karroo
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Acacia karroo
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Acacia karroo
Tropicos: Acacia karroo
West African Plants database: Acacia karroo

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Cultivated Plants: Species information: Acacia karroo., retrieved 1 June 2016

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