Spermatophyta: Dicotyledonae: Archichlamydeae

Apiaceae - Carrot family

Umbelliferae

Cannon, J.F.M. (1978) Apiaceae FZ 4

Description of the family

Herbs, rarely shrubs or small trees (Heteromorpha and Steganotaenia). Stipules 0. Leaves alternate, usually compound, occasionally simple.

Flowers arranged in simple or more usually compound umbels, rarely whorled or capitate. In compound umbels, the scales at the base of the primary branches (rays) are called bracts while those at the base of the branches of the secondary (or partial) umbels (referred to as pedicels) are called bracteoles.

Petals 5, usually white, but sometimes yellowish, greenish, pinkish or rarely blue. Stamens 5. Styles 2, usually divergent, usually with a well-developed stylopodium. Ovary inferior, 2-locular. Fruit dry, consisting of two indehiscent carpels separated by a commissure; carpels adnate or suspended from an axis (carpophore) usually separating when ripe, usually prominently 5- or 9-ribbed.

Worldwide: 446 genera and 3,540 species, cosmopolitan, but occurring particularly in northern temperate areas and on mountains in the tropics.

Zimbabwe: 21 genera and 44 taxa.

Diplolophium buchananii

More sample images from the Apiaceae (Click on each image to see a larger version and details of the record)

Hydrocotyle mannii

Hydrocotyle mannii

Sanicula elata

Sanicula elata

Pimpinella huillensis

Pimpinella huillensis

Foeniculum vulgare

Foeniculum vulgare

Steganotaenia araliacea var. araliacea

Steganotaenia araliacea var. araliacea

Links to genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

GenusContent
Afrocarum RauschertDescription
Afroligusticum C. Norman
Afrosciadium P.J.D. Winter
Agrocharis Hochst.Description
Alepidea F. DelarocheDescription, Image
Apium L.Description, Image
Berula Besser & W.D.J. KochDescription
Centella L.Description, Image
Conium L.Description
Coriandrum L.Description
Deverra DC.Description
Diplolophium Turcz.Description, Image
Foeniculum Mill.Description, Image
Heteromorpha Cham. & Schltdl.Description
Hydrocotyle L.Description, Image
Lefebvrea A.Rich.Description
Pimpinella L.Description, Image
Sanicula L.Description, Image
Sium L.Description, Image
Steganotaenia Hochst.Description, Image
Torilis Adans.Description, Image

Other sources of information about Apiaceae:

Our websites:

Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Apiaceae
Flora of Mozambique: Apiaceae
Flora of Zambia: Apiaceae

External websites:

GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Apiaceae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-14

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2014). Flora of Zimbabwe: Family page: Apiaceae.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/family.php?family_id=14, retrieved 18 April 2014

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