Spermatophyta: Dicotyledonae: Metachlamydeae

Solanaceae - Potato family

Gonçalves, A.E. (2005) Solanaceae FZ 8(4)

Description of the family

Herbs, shrubs or rarely trees. Stipules 0 (but pseudostipules are present in Solanum mauritianum). Leaves alternate, or occasionally fasciculate. Flowers bisexual, hypogynous, actinomorphic or slightly zygomorphic, solitary or in cymes, clusters or racemes. Calyx (3-)5(-6)-lobed, often persistent and accrescent. Corolla gamopetalous with 5 (or more) lobes. Stamens inserted on corolla-tube. Disk usually present. Ovary superior, usually 2-locular; ovules numerous. Fruit a capsule or berry.

Worldwide: 94 genera and 2,950 species, ± cosmopolitan, but especially South America.

Zimbabwe: 13 genera and 53 taxa.

Solanum betaceum

More sample images from the Solanaceae (Click on each image to see a larger version and details of the record)

Nicandra physalodes

Nicandra physalodes

Solanum aculeatissimum

Solanum aculeatissimum

Solanum nigrum

Solanum nigrum

Solanum lycopersicum

Solanum lycopersicum

Capsicum annuum var. annuum

Capsicum annuum var. annuum

Links to genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

GenusContent
Browallia L.Description, Image
Capsicum L.Description, Image
Cestrum L.Description, Image
Datura L.Description, Image
Iochroma Benth.Description, Image
Lycium L.Description
Nicandra Adans.Description, Image
Nicotiana L.Description, Image
Nierembergia Ruiz. & Pav.Description
Petunia Juss.Description
Physalis L.Description, Image
Solanum L.Description, Image
Withania PauquyDescription, Image

Other sources of information about Solanaceae:

Our websites:

Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Solanaceae
Flora of Mozambique: Solanaceae | cultivated Solanaceae
Flora of Zambia: Solanaceae | cultivated Solanaceae

External websites:

GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Solanaceae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-14

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2014). Flora of Zimbabwe: Family page: Solanaceae.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/family.php?family_id=211, retrieved 28 August 2014

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