Spermatophyta: Dicotyledonae: Archichlamydeae

Urticaceae - Nettle family

Friis, I (1991) Urticaceae FZ 9(6)

Description of the family

Annual or perennial herbs, shrubs or small trees, monoecious or dioecious, sometimes with stinging hairs. Stipules usually present. Leaves alternate or opposite, simple or lobed, usually strongly 3-veined from the base. Cystoliths generally present. Inflorescences usually cymose, densely clustered. Flowers minute, unisexual, with 1 whorl of tepals. Ovary superior with 1 erect basal ovule.

Comment: In addition to Obetia and Girardinia in the Urticaceae, species of Tragia in the Euphorbiaceae have stinging hairs and sometimes nettle-like leaves.

Worldwide: 48 genera and 1,050 species, tropical, with a few temperate.

Zimbabwe: 11 genera and 20 taxa.

Boehmeria macrophylla

More sample images from the Urticaceae (Click on each image to see a larger version and details of the record)

Urera hypselodendron

Urera hypselodendron

Laportea alatipes

Laportea alatipes

Girardinia diversifolia

Girardinia diversifolia

Procris crenata

Procris crenata

Droguetia iners

Droguetia iners

Links to genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

GenusContent
Boehmeria Jacq.Description, Image
Droguetia Gaudich.Description, Image
Elatostema J. R. Forst. & G. Forst.Description, Image
Girardinia Gaudich.Description, Image
Laportea Gaudich.Description, Image
Obetia Gaudich.Description, Image
Pilea Lindl.Description, Image
Pouzolzia Gaudich.Description, Image
Procris Comm. ex Juss.Description, Image
Urera Gaudich.Description, Image
Urtica L.Description, Image

Other sources of information about Urticaceae:

Our websites:

Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Urticaceae
Flora of Mozambique: Urticaceae
Flora of Zambia: Urticaceae

External websites:

GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Urticaceae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-14

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2014). Flora of Zimbabwe: Family page: Urticaceae.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/family.php?family_id=227, retrieved 2 September 2014

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