Spermatophyta: Dicotyledonae: Metachlamydeae

Verbenaceae - Verbena family

Fernandes, R. (2005) Verbenaceae FZ 8(7)

Verdcourt, B. (1992) Verbenaceae FTEA

Description of the family

Herbs, shrubs, trees or woody climbers, sometimes spiny, with often square stems. Stipules 0. Leaves usually opposite, sometimes whorled, rarely alternate, simple or dissected. Flowers mostly zygomorphic and 2-lipped, sometimes ± actinomorphic, usually 4-5-merous, usually bisexual. Calyx and corolla 4-5-lobed. Stamens 4, didynamous. Disk usually present. Ovary superior, usually 2-locular, usually soon 4 (or more)-locular by development of false septa. Ovules 2 in each true loculus. Fruit a drupe with 2-4 pyrenes or dividing at maturity into 2 or 4 nutlets.

Worldwide: 41 genera and 950 species, occurring in the tropics, particularly S America, with a few temperate species.

Zimbabwe: 9 genera and 31 taxa.

Lantana camara

More sample images from the Verbenaceae (Click on each image to see a larger version and details of the record)

Verbena aristigera

Verbena aristigera

Verbena rigida

Verbena rigida

Lantana swynnertonii

Lantana swynnertonii

Chascanum pinnatifidum var. pinnatifidum

Chascanum pinnatifidum var. pinnatifidum

Citharexylum spinosum

Citharexylum spinosum

Links to genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

GenusContent
Chascanum E. Mey.Description, Image
Citharexylum L.Description, Image
Duranta L.Description, Image
Lantana L.Description, Image
Lippia L.Description, Image
Phyla Lour.Description, Image
Priva Adans.Description, Image
Stachytarpheta VahlDescription, Image
Verbena L.Description, Image

Other sources of information about Verbenaceae:

Our websites:

Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Verbenaceae
Flora of Mozambique: Verbenaceae | cultivated Verbenaceae
Flora of Zambia: Verbenaceae | cultivated Verbenaceae

External websites:

GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Verbenaceae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-14

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2014). Flora of Zimbabwe: Family page: Verbenaceae.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/family.php?family_id=231, retrieved 20 October 2014

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