459.000 Cyperus L.

MARISCUS Vahl

MONANDRUS Vorster

Description of the genus

Perennial, less often annual, herbs, tufted or with rhizomes or stolons, sometimes producing tubers or bulbs. Culms usually triangular. Leaves usually at or near the base of the culm, the culm base sometimes swollen, 3-ranked, linear and grass-like, the lower ones often scale-like. Inflorescence terminal, often a subumbel-like anthela or congested into a dense head; subtended by leaf-like involucral bracts. Spikelets 1-many-flowered. Glumes distichous. Perianth 0. Stamens 1-3. Stigmas 2-3, if 2, then nutlet dorsally flattened. Fruit a nutlet, usually dorsally flattened.

Worldwide: c. 300 species in warm and tropical countries

Zimbabwe: 89 taxa.

Cyperus angolensis

Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsContent
albopilosus (C.B.Clarke) Kük.C,E
albostriatus Schrad.W,C,E,SDescription, Image
alopecuroides Rottb.C,S
amabilis VahlN,W,C,E,SImage
amauropus Steud.N,W,C,E
angolensis BoeckelerN,C,EDescription, Image
articulatus L.N,W,E,SImage
breviradius sensu Vorster ms.N,W,C,E,S
chersinus (N.E.Br.) Kük.W,S
clavinux C.B. ClarkeN,W,C
colymbetes Kotschy & Peyr.N
compressus L.W,E,SImage
congestus VahlN,W,C,E
cuspidatus KunthN,W,C,E,S
cyperoides (L.) KuntzeN,W,C,E,SImage
deciduus BoeckelerN,W,C,E
denudatus L.f. var. denudatus N,W,C,E,S
dichrostachyus Hochst. ex A.Rich.N,W,E
difformis L.N,W,C,E,S
digitatus Roxb. subsp. auricomus (Sieber ex Spreng.) Kük.N,W,C,E,S
distans L.f.N,W,C,E,SImage
diurensis BoeckelerN,W,C
dives DelileN
dubius Rottb.N,W,C,E,SImage
esculentus L.N,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
ferrugineoviridis (C.B. Clarke) Kük.E
fulgens sensu Vorster ms.N,W,E,S
glaucophyllus BoeckelerE
hamulosus M. Bieb.W
haspan L.
hemisphaericus BoeckelerN,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
hirtellus (Chiov.) Kük.
imbricatus Retz.N,W,S
involucratus Rottb.N,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
iria L.N,E,S
kirkii C.B. ClarkeW,C,E,S
laevigatus L.N,W,S
laxus Lam. subsp. sylvestris (Ridl.) LyeN,W,C
leptocladus KunthN,W,C,E
longicarpus sensu Vorster ms.N,W,C
longispicula Muasya & D.A. SimpsonE
longus L. var. tenuiflorus (Rottb.) Kük.N,W,C,S
maculatus BoeckelerN,W,C,E,S
margaritaceus VahlN,W,C,S
mollipes (C.B. Clarke) K. Schum.N
nduru Cherm.
nyassensis (Podlech) LyeE
obtusiflorus Vahl var. obtusiflorus N,W,C,E,SImage
obtusiflorus Vahl var. flavissimus Boeck.C,E,SDescription, Image
papyrus L.WDescription, Image
pectinatus VahlN
platycaulis Baker
pluribracteatus (Kük.) GovaertsN,W,C,EDescription, Image
procerus Rottb.N,W
pseudoleptocladus Kük.E
pseudovestitus (C.B.Clarke) Kük.N,W,C,E
pubens Kük.N,C
pulchellus R. Br.N
pygmaeus Rottb.N,S
rigidifolius Steud.E
rotundus L.N,W,C,SImage
rupestris KunthN,W,C,E,S
schinzii BoeckelerN,W,C,E,S
semitrifidus Schrad.W,E,S
solidus KunthC,EImage
sp. (ex Mariscus sp.no.1) (Brain 8449)C
sp. (ex Mariscus sp.no.2) (P.A. Colville 52)C
sp. no. 1 (Eyles 4636)C
sp.no.10 (Jacobsen 649)W,E
sp.no.2 (Drummond 5105)E
sp.no.3 (Armitage 6555)E
sp.no.4 (Phipps 1435)N
sp.no.5 (Rattray 1273)S
sp.no.6 (Magadza 27)N,S
sp.no.7 (Bingham 505)N,W,C
sp.no.8 (Brain 3732)W,C
sp.no.9 (Boughey 2934)S
sphacelatus Rottb.E
sphaerospermus Schrad.N,W,C,E,S
spiralis Larridon
squarrosus L.N,W,C,E,S
tenax BoeckelerN,W,C,E,S
tenuispica Steud.N,W,C,E,S
trigonellus Suess.C,E,S
turrillii Kük.N,W,C,S
usitatus Burch. subsp. palmatus LyeW
usitatus Burch. subsp. usitatus var. macrobulbus Kük.W
vestitus Hochst. ex C. KraussW
zollingeri Steud.N,W,E

Other sources of information about Cyperus:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Cyperus
Flora of Caprivi: Cyperus
Flora of Malawi: Cyperus
Flora of Mozambique: Cyperus
Flora of Zambia: Cyperus
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Cyperus

External websites:

ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Cyperus
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Cyperus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Cyperus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Cyperus
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Cyperus
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Cyperus

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Genus page: Cyperus.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=267, retrieved 25 July 2016

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