Description of the genus
Trees or shrubs. Young branches distinctive, flattened, with raised lines decurrent from the petiole bases (particularly distinctive in E. emarginatum) Stipules persistent to caducous, completely
united. Petals white to cream-yellow. Nectary appendage usually exceeding the calyx. Ovary (2-)3-locular.
The two species of
Erythroxylum are quite unlike each other in general appearance. Apart from the characters in the key, E.
emarginatum has dark green, relatively thick, coriaceous leaves which are brittle and can be heard to crackle when folded and held against the ear. E. zambesiacum has thinly-textured leaves which are not brittle.
Worldwide: 230 species in the tropics, mostly America, and Madagascar
Zimbabwe: 2 taxa.
|emarginatum Thonn.||N,W,C,E,S||Description, Image|
|zambesiacum N. Robson||N,W,C||Description, Image|
Key to SpeciesDisplay key
Other sources of information about Erythroxylum:
Our websites:Flora of Botswana
: ErythroxylumFlora of Caprivi
: ErythroxylumFlora of Malawi
: ErythroxylumFlora of Mozambique
: ErythroxylumFlora of Zambia
(electronic Plant Information Center): ErythroxylumFlora Zambesiaca
web site: ErythroxylumGoogle
(Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for ErythroxylumIPNI
(International Plant Names Index): ErythroxylumKew Herbarium catalogue
Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16
Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M.
. Flora of Zimbabwe: Genus page: Erythroxylum.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=794, retrieved 1 October 2016