3956.000 Erythroxylum P. Browne

Description of the genus

Trees or shrubs. Young branches distinctive, flattened, with raised lines decurrent from the petiole bases (particularly distinctive in E. emarginatum) Stipules persistent to caducous, completely united. Petals white to cream-yellow. Nectary appendage usually exceeding the calyx. Ovary (2-)3-locular. The two species of Erythroxylum are quite unlike each other in general appearance. Apart from the characters in the key, E. emarginatum has dark green, relatively thick, coriaceous leaves which are brittle and can be heard to crackle when folded and held against the ear. E. zambesiacum has thinly-textured leaves which are not brittle.

Worldwide: 230 species in the tropics, mostly America, and Madagascar

Zimbabwe: 2 taxa.

Erythroxylum zambesiacum

Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsContent
emarginatum Thonn.N,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
zambesiacum N. RobsonN,W,CDescription, Image

Key to Species

Display key

Other sources of information about Erythroxylum:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Erythroxylum
Flora of Caprivi: Erythroxylum
Flora of Malawi: Erythroxylum
Flora of Mozambique: Erythroxylum
Flora of Zambia: Erythroxylum

External websites:

ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Erythroxylum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Erythroxylum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Erythroxylum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Erythroxylum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Erythroxylum

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Genus page: Erythroxylum.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=794, retrieved 25 May 2016

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