Erythroxylum emarginatum Thonn.

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Erythroxylum emarginatum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Cloudlands lay-by, Vumba

Erythroxylum emarginatum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nr Odzani R. bridge

Erythroxylum emarginatum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nr Odzani R. bridge

Erythroxylum emarginatum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nyamkombe River, Aberfoyle, Honde Valley

Erythroxylum emarginatum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mermaids Falls, Aberfoyle

Erythroxylum emarginatum

Photo: Bart Wursten
By road to Inyangombe Falls, near Udu Dam

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms:
Common names: African coca tree (English) Common coca tree (English) Mudekeko (Shona) Mutsanzuti (Shona) Rundo (Shona) Rutsitu (Shona)
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
Description:
Straggling shrub or small tree. Leaves alternate, oblanceolate to elliptic, often slightly notched at the apex. The leaves are held in one plane and the ends of the branches are distinctly flattened. Flowers in small axillary clusters, white, sweetly scented. Fruit a ellipsoid drupe, fleshy, red when ripe.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: emarginatum: notched at the apex; emarginate
Habitat: In a variety of habitats; in the understorey and along the margins of evergreen forest but also on rocky outcrops and in deciduous woodland.
Altitude range: (metres) 700 - 1820 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution:
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Euryphura achlys (Food plant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Monday 2 September 2013
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 142. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 248.

Robson, N.K.B. (1963). Erythroxylaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(1) Pages 104 - 106. (Includes a picture).

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 27. (Includes a picture).

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 84.


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Other sources of information about Erythroxylum emarginatum:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Erythroxylum emarginatum
Flora of Mozambique: Erythroxylum emarginatum
Flora of Zambia: Erythroxylum emarginatum

External websites:

African Plant Database: Erythroxylum emarginatum
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Erythroxylum emarginatum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Erythroxylum emarginatum
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Erythroxylum emarginatum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Erythroxylum emarginatum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Erythroxylum emarginatum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Erythroxylum emarginatum
Ispot Southern Africa : Erythroxylum emarginatum
JSTOR Plant Science: Erythroxylum emarginatum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Erythroxylum emarginatum
Tropicos: Erythroxylum emarginatum
West African Plants database: Erythroxylum emarginatum


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Erythroxylum emarginatum.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=132920, retrieved 27 September 2016

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