5372.000 Passiflora L. - Passion flowers

Description of the genus

Climbing herbs or lianes. Stipules 2 or 0. Leaves alternate, lobed or simple; petiole often with glands. Tendrils usually solitary in leaf axils, rarely 0. Flowers usually large and handsome, axillary, solitary or in racemes, bisexual, 5-merous. Bracts often 3, forming an involucre below the fl. Sepals often coloured inside, sometimes with horns on the back just below apex. Petals 5 or 0, membranous, more vividly coloured than the sepals. Corona present, variously shaped, simple or usually composed of filaments. Androgynophore usually distinct. Stamens 5, free. Styles 3. Fruit usually indehiscent, ± berry-like, spherical or ellipsoid, or rarely fusiform. The structure of the flower is described in this labelled image of Passiflora subpeltata. Species of the genus were called "Calvary Lesson" by Catholic missionaries in S America (Mabberley, 1997) and the explanation of that is also given on the same page.

Worldwide: c.450 spp. in subtropical and tropical America, Asia, Australia and Polynesia. All our species are introduced.

Zimbabwe: 5 taxa.

The larvae of the following species of insect eat species of this genus:
Acraea acara (Acara acraea)
Passiflora subpeltata

Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesLinks to mapsFZ divisionsContent
edulis SimsC,E,SDescription, Image
ligularis Juss.EDescription, Image
mollissima (Kunth) L.H. BaileyC,EDescription, Image
morifolia Mast.CDescription
subpeltata OrtegaCDescription, Image

Other sources of information about Passiflora:

Our websites:

Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Passiflora
Flora of Mozambique: Passiflora | cultivated Passiflora
Flora of Zambia: Passiflora | cultivated Passiflora

External websites:

ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Passiflora
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Passiflora
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Passiflora
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Passiflora
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Passiflora

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-14

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2014). Flora of Zimbabwe: Genus page: Passiflora.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=990, retrieved 18 April 2014

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